Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 8

Gibberellin of GA-4 from Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia)

Dine Agustine1, Iman Permana Maksum1, Ika Wiani1, Safri Ishmayana1, Reginawanti Hindersah2 and Ukun MS Soedjanaatmadja1

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia
2Department of Soil Science and Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Ukun MS Soedjanaatmadja, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia.

Received: June 27, 2023; Published: July 24, 2023

Abstract

Gibberellin is one of phytohormone which has function to stimulate plant growth, especially for accelerating the growth of shoot and fruiting of plants. Gibberellin (GAs) are very important group of phytohormones involved in seed germination, vegetative growth, flowering and fruit development, being only four of the 136 known have more bio-active activity than other, they are GS-1, GA-3, GA-4 and GA-7. The objective of study is to isolate and identify gibberellin of GA-4 from bitter gourd (Momordica. Charantia), from Majalengka of West Java-Indonesia Plantation. Isolation and purification of GA-4 were carried out by thin-layer chromatography, adsorption column chromatography on Silica Gel G-60. while characterization of GA-4 were carried out by Reversed Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), and Mass Spectroscopy (MS). The results of RP-HPLC and FTIR of gibberelline of GA-4 isolates showed a retention time and wave number which was relatively similar to the GA-4 standard. From the result of MS analysis, the mass spectrum shows the peak of the molecular ion [M+H] + at m/z 355.1501 as the measured mass, and the calculated mass is 355.1521 with the molecular formula of C19H24O5Na, and the degree of saturation or DBE is 7. The measured molecular mass and the number of DBEs correspond to the molecular mass of GA-4. From the RP-HPLC found that GA-4 content in M.charantia was 6.06 mg/g dry weight.

Keywords:Bitter Gourd; Gibberellin; Momordica Charantia; Phytohormone; Soybean

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Citation

Citation: Ukun MS Soedjanaatmadja., et al. “Gibberellin of GA-4 from Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia)".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.8 (2023): 81-86.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ukun MS Soedjanaatmadja., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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