Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 8

Use of Small Indigenous Freshwater Fish Species as Ethno Medicine in the Northeast Region of India

Bibha Chetia Borah* and Biswajyoti Bordoloi

Fisheries Research Centre, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India

*Corresponding Author: Bibha Chetia Borah, Fisheries Research Centre, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India.

Received: June 20, 2023; Published: July 20, 2023

Abstract

The North East region of India is known for its diverse ethnic groups of population with rich culture and traditions. The ethnic population of the region traditionally developed knowledge and wisdom related to agriculture and allied activities, nutrition and health care by using locally available flora and fauna and other resources. Blessed with vast and varied freshwater resources and rich freshwater fish biodiversity comprising of 422 fish species belonging to133 genera and 38 families the region is recognised as a ‘hot spot’ for freshwater fish biodiversity. The region has the richest small indigenous freshwater fish species (SIFFS) biodiversity of the country comprising of 348 species belonging to 31 families that accounts for 82.5% of the total fish diversity of the region. Highest number of SIFFS are recorded under the family Cyprinidae (115 species), followed by Balitoridae (48 species) and Sisoridae (46 species). Majority of SIFFS are commercially important as food and ornamental fish and plays a significant role in health care of the ethnic population of the region as nutritious food supplement. Some SIFFS are traditionally regarded as having ethno medicinal or therapeutic value and are used in treating different ailments, health care and healing practices by the ethnic people of the region.

Keywords:Traditional Knowledge; Ethnic Population; Fish Biodiversity; SIFFS; ETHNO Medicine; Health Care; Therapeutic

References

  1. Bogard JR., et al. “Nutrient composition of important fish species in Bangladesh and potential contribution to recommended nutrient intakes”. Journal of Food Composition and analysis 42 (2015): 120-133.
  2. Chanu TA., et al. “Ethno medicinal use of certain fish species by ethnic groups of Bishnupur district in Manipur, NE India”. World Journal of Environmental Biosciences2 (2016): 1-5.
  3. Chattopadhyay D. “Ethnomedicinal phytophores in disease management”. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Bio-Medical Science 1 (2009): 1-125.
  4. Chattopadhyay D. “Ethnomedicine: a source of complementary therapeutics a review”. Research Signpost Trivandrum (2010).
  5. Chetia Borah B. “A status paper on Aquaculture in Assam”. In: Aquaculture for nutritional and livelihood security, (Eds: A.S Ninawe, J.R Dhanze and Rani Dhanze). Published by Norendra Publishing House, New Delhi, India (2018): 55-78.
  6. Chetia Borah B., et al. “Breeding of Amblypharyngodon mola in small homestead ponds”. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India2 (2010): 42-47.
  7. Chetia Borah B., et al. “Protein nutrition for rural folk through culture of small fish species in homestead ponds”. In: Rural poverty food security and nutritional status. Ahmed, R. (Ed). Unika Prakashan, Jorhat (2013): 308-314.
  8. Chetia Borah B. “Small indigenous Freshwater Fish species in Nutrition of ethnic population of North East India”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health7 (2019): 158-167.
  9. Chetia Borah B and Sarkar UK. “Securing nutrition for rural India through culture and enhancement of small indigenous freshwater fish species”. World Aquaculture (2019): 64-68.
  10. Chetia Borah B. “Asian catfish Clarias magur (Ham), a wonder fish for health and nutrition”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health2 (2020): 1-5.
  11. Duarah P and Das K. “Diversity of Small indigenous fresh water fish species (SIFS) in Assam: Nutritional contents and Medicinal importance: A review”. International Journal of Emerging Technologies2 (2019): 357-361.
  12. Goswami UC., et al. “Fish diversity of North East India, inclusive of the Himalayan and Indo Burma biodiversity hotspots zones: A checklist on their taxonomic status, economic importance, geographical distribution, present status and prevailing threats”. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 15 (2012): 592-613.
  13. Jeyaram K., et al. “Traditional fermented foods of Manipur”. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge1 (2009): 115-121.
  14. Kottelat M and Whitten T. “Freshwater biodiversity in Asia with special reference to Fish”. World Bank Tech. Paper No. 343. The World Bank, Washington D.C (1996): 17-22.
  15. Larsen T., et al. “Whole small fish as a rich Calcium source”. British Journal of Nutrition 83 (2000): 191-196.
  16. Muzaddadi AU., et al. “Traditional knowledge associated with Numsing, an ethnic fish product prepared by Missing Tribes of Upper Assam, India”. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge1 (2013): 91-96.
  17. Muzaddadi AU and Basu S. “SHIDAL- A traditional fermented fishery product of NE India”. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge2 (2012): 323-328.
  18. Roach J. “Conservationists name nine new biodiversity hot spots”. National Geographic News (2005).
  19. Sarkar UK and Lakra WS. “Small indigenous freshwater fish species of India: Significance, Conservation and utilisation”. Genetics and Biodiversity3 (2010): 34-35.
  20. Sarma P., et al. “Hukoti- an indigenous dry fish product of tribal communities of upper Assam”. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge1 (2013): 97-101.
  21. Sarmah A., et al. “Indigenous technique for preparation of dry fish and products by Deori community”. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences6 (2014): 1-5.
  22. Teronpi V., et al. “Ethno zoology of the Karbis of Assam, India: Use of ichthyofauna in traditional health care practices”. Ancient Sciences of life 2 (2012): 99-103.
  23. Thapa N., et al. “Microbial Diversity in Ngari, Hentak and Tungtap, fermented fish products of Northeast India”. World journal of Microbiological Biotechnology 20 (2004): 599-607.
  24. Thapa N. “Ethnic fermented and preserved fish products of India and Nepal”. Journal of Ethnic Foods 3 (2016): 69-77.
  25. Zaman M., et al. “Nutrient content of some popular freshwater and marine fish species of Bangladesh”. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology2 (2014): 251-259.

Citation

Citation: Bibha Chetia Borah and Biswajyoti Bordoloi. “Use of Small Indigenous Freshwater Fish Species as Ethno Medicine in the Northeast Region of India".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.8 (2023): 68-72.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Bibha Chetia Borah and Biswajyoti Bordoloi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


Contact US