Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Aticle Volume 7 Issue 8

Estimating the Quantity and Value of Water Needed to Achieve Self-Sufficiency and Food Security for Table Eggs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Adel Mohammed Khalifa Ghanem1, Yusuf Ahmad Krimly2 and Said Azali Ahamada2*

1Professor at the Food Security Unit, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
2Food Security Unit, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Said Azali Ahamada, Food Security Unit, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.

Received: June 19, 2023; Published: July 07, 2023

Abstract

This research aimed to estimate the quantity and value of water needed to achieve selfsufficiency and food security for eggs during the period 1990-2021. In achieving its objectives, this study relied on secondary data and economic and statistical equations. This current paper resulted in a set of results, the most important of which are, the strategic stock of eggs reached about 114.39 thousand tons, sufficient for local consumption for 130.2 days, and then the food security factor for eggs is estimated at 0.357 at the end of the period 1990-2021. The total amount of water used to meet the local consumption needs for eggs amounted to 20.16 billion m3, with a value of 9.72 billion Riyals. The total amount of water used to achieve the current level of food security for eggs amounted to 402.5 million m3, with a value of 194.02 million Riyals during the period 1990-2021. Finally, this study recommends the need to maintain the percentage of self-sufficiency and the current level of food security for eggs until 2030, in line with the Saudi National Strategy for Agriculture for 2030, through the issuance of the necessary licenses by the Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture to establish new projects or expand the production capacity of existing projects, in addition to the Agricultural Development Fund providing the necessary financing needs for the establishment of these projects.

Keywords: Water; Self-Sufficiency; Food Security; Table Eggs; Saudi Arabia

References

  1. Al-Hadi., et al. “The Effect of Adding Sodium Hypochlorite to Drinking Water on the Performance of Egg Chickens”. International Journal of Development1 (2013): 33-36.
  2. Al-Nafissa Mohamed A., et al. “Financial forecasting for Self-sufficiency and Food Security in Poultry Meat”. Environment, Development and Sustainability 11 (2021): 17126-17145.
  3. Al-Naqadi Talaat Rizkallah., et al. “An Economic Study of Table Egg Production and Consumption in the Arab Republic of Egypt”. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics (2015): 171-184.
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Website, FAOSTAT, period 1990-2020 (2018).
  5. Garcia Jose Valls. “A look at one of the most important nutrients: Water, aviNews (2020).
  6. Ghanem Adel M., et al. “The impact of food sovereignty of cereal crops on water consumption in the agricultural sector in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”. Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)9 (2022): 1269-1279.
  7. Ghanem Adel., et al. “Study the economic factors determining the food security coefficient of sugar in Egypt”. Third Conference of the Department of Economics and Agribusiness Administration (Agricultural Development Strategy and Egyptian Food Security Challenges), Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University”. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research56 (2011): 1-10.
  8. Ghanem Adel Mohammed Khalifa. “The issue of food security in Egypt (an analytical study), Knowledge Foundation, Alexandria (1997).
  9. Hirschman A. “The Paternity of an Index”. American Economic Review4-6 (1964): 761-762.
  10. Ismail FSA., et al. “Effect of Gum Arabic on Egg Production and some Blood constituents of laying hens under hot summer conditions in Egypt”. Journal of Animal and Poultry Production, Mansoura University 3 (2016): 77-83.
  11. Lapteacru I. “Assessing Lending Market Concentration in Bulgaria: The Application of a new measure of Concentration”. The Journal of Comparative Economics1 (2012): 79-102.
  12. Mekonnen MM and Hoekstra AY. “The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products”. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences5 (2011): 1577-1600.
  13. Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture. National Agriculture Strategy and Executive Summary (2020): 13.
  14. Nashwan OS., et al. “Estimating groundwater extraction cost and its efficiency use in dates production in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia”. Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco Departamento de Administracao Custos e 12.1 (2016): 282-289.
  15. Rabie MH., et al. “Productive Performance of laying hens fed diets Containing different Plant Protein Sources with Enzymes or Probiotics”. Journal of animal and Poultry Production, Mansoura University10 (2008): 7135-7157.
  16. William H Greene. “Econometric Analysis, Fifth edition, New York University (2003).

Citation

Citation: Adel Mohammed Khalifa Ghanem., et al. “Estimating the Quantity and Value of Water Needed to Achieve Self-Sufficiency and Food Security for Table Eggs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.8 (2023): 10-18.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Said Azali Ahamada., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


Contact US