Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 1

Nutrition in the Effect of Globalization: A Sociological Perspective

Esmanur Aygan1* and Ayse Günes-Bayir2

1Research Assistant, Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Eyüpsultan, Istanbul, Türkiye
2Associate Professor, Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Eyüpsultan, Istanbul, Türkiye

*Corresponding Author: Esmanur Aygan, Research Assistant, Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Eyüpsultan, Istanbul, Türkiye.

Received: November 23, 2022; Published: December 08, 2022

Abstract

Nutrition is a vital event that is naturally affected by many physiological, psychological, economic and sociocultural factors. The need for nutrition is affected by environment and emotions which started with the human being. The nutrition was one of the basic requirements of sustaining life in the beginning and has gained various meanings with the development of humanity. It has become an inseparable part of life by affecting the culture over time. Nutrition includes eating, the production, processing, preparation and consumption of food and beverages. These stages, in which people are involved at every stage, are therefore influenced by the culture and form the eating practices of people and societies. Although the effect of sociocultural factors on nutrition is as old as nutrition, the study of this subject in sociology started as recently as the 20th century. Nutrition stands out with the socialization of health. It has led to the emergence of new research topics such as the sociology of food, sociological body perception, and the globalization of food. Globalization is a multifaceted phenomenon that describes the international mobility of knowledge, materials, capital and people. With globalization, the importance of distances has decreased and intercultural interaction has increased. With the increase in transportation, communication and marketing opportunities food has also become global, and with the universalization of habits and trends, the local nutrition cultures of societies have gradually deteriorated. Ease of access to food has reduced the importance and time allocated to food in developed societies, and societies have quickly become consumer societies. With fast and practical consumption coming to the fore in every aspect of life, the food culture has also changed, and nutrition, which used to take long hours of the day, has become a need that is passed over in a short time today. The diet which called fast food, has brought health problems and cultural discussions to the agenda. As a result of these discussions, the Slow Food movement, which started in Italy and developed against the fast-food culture, had wide repercussions. In this study, the effect of globalization on nutrition has been evaluated from a sociological perspective.

Keywords: Sociology of Nutrition; Globalization; Fast-Food; Slow Food

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Citation

Citation: Esmanur Aygan and Ayse Günes-Bayir. “Nutrition in the Effect of Globalization: A Sociological Perspective". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.1 (2023): 62-70.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Esmanur Aygan and Ayse Günes-Bayir. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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