Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Case Report Volume 5 Issue 11

Multiple Pulmonary Abscesses in a Greyhound Dog

Jasleen Kaur1*, Swaran Singh2, Kuldip Gupta3, Puneet Singh4 and CS Randhawa5

1Ph.D Scholar, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2Professor-Cum-Head, Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab, India
4M.V.Sc Student, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab, India
5Professor-Cum-Head, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author: Jasleen Kaur, Ph. D Scholar, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Received: September 15, 2023 Published: October 30, 2023

Abstract

Pulmonary abscesses are rare in dogs. A 4-year old female Greyhound, weighing 20.6 Kg, was referred to Small Animal Clinics of the university with a complaint of non-productive cough, exercise intolerance, bilateral serous nasal discharge, weight loss and dyspnea for the last 2 months. Physical examination revealed tachypnea and negative inducible cough reflex along with crackles on both sides of chest on auscultation. Hematological findings revealed absolute neutrophilia (88%) and increased PCV. Biochemical tests dem- onstrated hyper globulinemia and hyper fibrinogenemia. Hypoxemia and hypercapnia were the main alterations noticed on blood gas analysis. Chest radiographs showed severe nodular interstitial pattern in all the lung lobes. Trans-tracheal wash (TTW) and Transthoracic fine needle aspiration cytology of the patient demonstrated markedly increased cellularity with most of foci showing preponderance of neutrophils and very few macrophages confirming the presence of largely suppurative inflammation suggestive of pulmonary abscessation. Due to multiple pulmonary abscessation and resistance to commonly used antibiotics, dog did not respond and died within 3 days of treatment before CST results. To the author’s knowledge, multiple pulmonary abscessation is the first re- port of its kind in dogs in India.

Keywords: Dog; Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology; Greyhound; Pulmonary Abscessation; Transtracheal Wash

References

  1. Aiello Susan E., et al. “The Merck veterinary manual”. White Station, NJ, USA: Merck and Company, Incorporated (2016): 3325.
  2. Amrute Ms PK., et al. “Chronic bronchopneumonia in a Great Dane pup”. Veterinary World9 (2009): 358-359.
  3. Bartlett JG. “Lung abscess”. In Baum, GL., Wolinsky, E (eds). Textbook of Pulmonary Diseases, Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, Edition 5th (1994): 607-620.
  4. Dunn John. "Cytological examination of the lower respiratory tract in dogs and cats”. In Practice4 (2010): 150-155.
  5. Eira Isabel M., et al. “Lung abscess in an immunocompromised patient: clinical presentation and management challenges”. BMJ Case Reports7 (2019): e230756.
  6. Feki W., et al. “Lung abscess: diagnosis and management”. Revue Des Maladies Respiratoires6 (2019): 707-719.
  7. Feldman BF., et al. “Schalm's Veterinary Haematology. 5th Edition”. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins (2000): 1120-1124.
  8. Finke Maureen D. "Transtracheal wash and bronchoalveolar lavage”. Topics in Companion Animal Medicine3 (2013): 97-102.
  9. Kaur Jasleen., et al. “Indigenous Cost-Effective Method for Tracheal Lavage in Canines”. Exploratory Animal and Medical Research1 (2023): 91-97.
  10. Kuhajda Ivan., et al. “Lung abscess-etiology, diagnostic and treatment options”. Annals of Translational Medicine13 (2015): 183.
  11. Kuleš Josipa., et al. “Arterial blood acid-base and electrolyte values in dogs: Conventional and “strong ion” approach”. Veterinarski Arhiv5 (2015): 533-545.
  12. Loukeri Angeliki A., et al. “Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of lung abscess”. Pneumon1 (2015): 54-60.
  13. Miller Carrie J. "Approach to the respiratory patient”. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice5 (2007): 861-878.
  14. Hawkins Eleanor C. “Respiratory System Disorders”. In: Nelson, Richard W., and C. Guillermo Couto. Small Animal Internal Medicine-E-Book: Small Animal Internal Medicine-E-Book. Edition 6th, Elsevier Health Sciences (2019): 240-383.
  15. Nishi Reo., et al. “Successful treatment of a lung abscess without surgical intervention in a cat”. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports1 (2022): 20551169221086434.
  16. Robinson DA., et al. “What is your diagnosis? Pulmonary abscess”. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association9 (2003): 1259.
  17. Shibata Yoko., et al. “Relationship between plasma fibrinogen levels and pulmonary function in the Japanese population: the Takahata study”. International Journal of Medical Sciences11 (2013): 1530.
  18. Sirpal YM. "Transthoracic Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosing Non-Resolving Pneumonias-A Study Of 170 Cases”. Medical Journal Armed Forces India1 (1997): 40-44.
  19. Taylor Susan Meric. “Small Animal Clinical Techniques-E-Book”. Elsevier Health Sciences (2020).
  20. Walker JR and Nakamura RK. “What is your diagnosis? Pulmonary abscess”. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association3 (2014): 277-278.
  21. Yazbeck Moussa F., et al. “Lung abscess: update on microbiology and management”. American Journal of Therapeutics3 (2014): 217-221.

Citation

Citation: Jasleen Kaur., et al. “Multiple Pulmonary Abscesses in a Greyhound Dog". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.11 (2023): 01-02.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Jasleen Kaur., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US