Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 6

Assessment of Immunocompetence Traits of Aseel, an Indian Native Chicken Breed

Shanti Choudhary1*, Binita Nautiyal1 and Sanjeev Kumar2

1Department of Animal Science, M.J.P. Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, (U.P.), India
2Molìular Genetics Laboratory, Central Avian Research Institute, Bareilly, India

*Corresponding Author: Shanti Choudhary, Department of Animal Science, M.J.P. Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, (U.P.), India.

Received: May 13, 2022; Published: May 30, 2022

Abstract

In the present study, Aseel chicken was studied to evaluate high and low immune responses by assessing immunocompetence traits like hemagglutination assay (HA), serum lysozyme activity, and immunoglobulin G (IgG) in blood. A total of 301 Aseel birds were selected to get all the important immunocompetence parameters. Antibody titers against sheep red blood corpuscles (SRBC) and serum IgG levels acted as the humoral immune response indicators. In contrast, the bacteriolytic activity of serum lysozyme acted as an indicator of a non-specific immune response. The mean HA titer, serum lysozyme and IgG levels were 8.14 ± 0.35, 4.85 ± 0.20, 10.82 ± 0.64 in males and 8.15 ± 0.31, 4.48 ± 0.22, and 12.64 ± 0.75 in females, respectively. Sex did not affect immunocompetence traits; however, the average serum IgG concentration was higher in females than in males. In conclusion, we accessed immunocompetence traits of male and female Aseel. A comparison of Aseel's immune competence status with broiler and other fowl chicken would be a piece of valuable information for poultry breeders.

Keywords: Aseel; Immunocompetence; Hemagglutination Assay; Lysozyme; IgG

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Citation

Citation: Shanti Choudhary., et al. “Assessment of Immunocompetence Traits of Aseel, an Indian Native Chicken Breed". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.6 (2022): 108-112.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Anilkumar Banothu. et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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