Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Editorial Volume 7 Issue 3

Surfactants and Emulsifying Agents: The Main Classification and Characteristics

Heyam Saad Ali1* and Noon Abubakr A Kamil2

1Professor, Pharmaceutics Department, Pharmacy College, University of Khartoum, Sudan
2Instructor at Fatima College of Health Sciences, UAE

*Corresponding Author: Heyam Saad Ali, Professor, Pharmaceutics Department, Pharmacy College, University of Khartoum, Sudan.

Received: December 27, 2022; Published: February 01, 2023


Water-soluble polymers

These types of polymers are divided to three classes: natural polymers, water-soluble and derivatives of synthetic hydrophilic and cellulose polymers.

  • The polysaccharides which of natural origin called natural polymers such as, pectin, acacia, sodium alginate, agar, tragacanth, xanthan gum, and, and polypeptides e.g. gelatin and casein.
  • The cellulose derivatives are chemically modified therefore, they are considered as semisynthetic products such as methylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and hydroxyethyl and hydroxypropyl cellulose.
  • The synthetic water-soluble polymers include vinyl polymers such as polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinylpyrrolidone, Carbomer (Carbopol®), which is a copolymer of acrylic acid, and polyethylene glycols.
  • Water-soluble polymers characterize of forming favor o/w emulsions, enhance viscosity, some used as emulsifying agents.
  • Some of the mentioned water-soluble polymers rely on the particular chemical structure of the polymer.


  1. Ali Heyam Saad., et al. “Formulation and evaluation of herbal shampoo from Ziziphus spina-christi leaves extract”. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy6 (2011): 1802-1806.
  2. AH Saad., et al. “Formulation and evaluation of herbal handwash from Matricaria chamomilla flowers extracts”. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy 2 (2011): 1811-1813.
  3. Heyam Saad Ali Tasmina., et al. “Design and development of permeation enhancer containing self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) for ceftriaxone sodium improved oral pharmacokinetics”. Journal of Molecular Liquids (2019): 289.
  4. I Ali., et al. “Preliminary investigation of novel tetra-tailed macrocycle amphiphile based nano-vesicles for amphotericin B improved oral pharmacokinetics”. Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology 3 (2018): S1204-S1214.
  5. M Kawish., et al. “Bactericidal potentials of silver nanoparticles: novel aspects against multidrug resistance bacteria”. Metal Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery and Diagnostic Applications (2020): 175-188.
  6. M Imran., et al. “An Effective Anticancer Nano-approach for Melanoma and Breast Cancers Using Annona muricate Gold Nanoparticles”. Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (2021).
  7. HS Ali., et al. “Gold nanoparticles in cancer diagnosis and therapy”. Metal Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery and Diagnostic Applications, 43-58.
  8. I Ali., et al. “Synthesis and Characterization of Sulfanilamide-Based Nonionic Surfactants and Evaluation of Their Nano-Vesicular Drug Loading Application”. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents5 (2020): 973-980.
  9. HS Ali., et al. “Approaches to Enhance Dissolution In Pharmaceutical Technologies”. American Journal of Pharmacy and Health Research1 1-15.
  10. GME Hussein., et al. “Characterization of Drug Delivery Particles in Pharmaceutical Disperse Systems: A Review”. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy11 (2021): 3553-3562.
  11. Heyam Saad Ali. “A Comprehensive Review in Parenteral Formulations”. Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences7 (2020): 31-44.
  12. HS ALI., et al. “Quality Control Tests Index and Packaging Evaluation”. American Journal of Pharmtech Research1 (2022): 635-642.


Citation: Heyam Saad Ali and Noon Abubakr A Kamil. “Surfactants and Emulsifying Agents: The Main Classification and Characteristics". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 7.3 (2023): 01-03.


Copyright: © 2022 Heyam Saad Ali and Noon Abubakr A Kamil. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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