Ansam Abdulameer Yahya1*, Manal Khalid Abdulridha2 and HaiderAbass Al-Atar3
1Babylon Health Department, Ministry of Health, Iraq
2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Mustansiriyah University, Iraq
3Babylon Gynecology and Obstetrics Health Department, Ministry of Health, Iraq
*Corresponding Author: Ansam Abdulameer Yahya, Babylon Health Department, Ministry of Health, Iraq.
Received: August 18, 2021; Published: October 23, 2021
Clomiphene Citrate resistance is a term that refers to the persistence of ovulation after standard Clomiphene Citrate therapy, and about 15% of Polycystic ovary syndrome were resistant to the maximum dose of clomiphene citrate. The study aims to evaluate the effect of combining oral vitamin D3 and CoQ10 supplements to overcome Clomiphene resistance on hormonal profile and ovulation outcome(ova size and endometrial thickness) in clomiphene citrate resistance PCOS patients. The study was a prospective intervention comparative, open-label study include 35 PCOS patient aged (18-34) years are resistant to clomiphene citrate ellocated in two groups, group 1 include vitamin D deficient PCOS patient received clomiphene citrate 100mg daily clomiphene for five days in each month with 10000IU daily vitamin D for 2 months, group 2 include PCOS patient with no vitamin D deficiency received 100mg daily clomiphene for five days in each month plus CoQ10 200mg daily for 2 months. Fasting blood samples used to measure serum estradiol, antimullerian hormone (AMH), luteinizing hormone (L.H.), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to calculate L.H.:FSH ratio, mid-cycle transvaginal ultrasound for determination of ova size and endometrial thickness. Both Vitamin D3 supplementation and CoQ10 supplementation resulted in a significant increase in ova size (P < 0.001), while the increase in endometrial thickness was substantial only after vitamin D supplementation (P < 0.001). Meanwhile, serum estradiol levels increased in both study groups after intervention but still not significant (P > 0.05). In conclusion, receiving vitamin D and CoQ10 supplements by clomiphene resistance PCOS women improves serum hormone, including AMH and L.H.: FSH ratio, also improving ovulation outcome (ova size and endometrial thickness).
Keywords: Clomiphene Citrate Resistant; Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Co-Q10; Vitamin D 3; Estradiol; Ovarian Functions; Endometrial Thickness
Citation: Ansam Abdulameer Yahya., et al. “Ova Size and Endometrial Thickness Post-treatment with Vitamin D and Coenzyme Q10 Supplements in PCOs Women Resistant to Clomiphene". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 5.11 (2020): 45-54.
Copyright: © 2020 Ansam Abdulameer Yahya., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.