Julienne Kuiseu1,3, Geraldo Tchegniho Houmenou1, Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade1*, Basile Saka Boni Konmy1, Claude Gbemeho Houssoukpe1, Tony Taofick Babalola Abiodoun Sounkere1, Christian Cocou Dansou1, Ibikounle Moudachirou4, Severin Babatounde5, Sylvie Mawule Hounzangbe-Adote2 and Patrick Aleodjrodo Edorh3
1Zootechnics and Livestock Systems Research Unit (URZoSE), Animal and Fisheries Sciences Laboratory (LaSAH), Doctoral School of Agronomic and Water Sciences (EDSAE), National University of Agriculture (UNA), Republic of Benin
2Laboratory of Ethnopharmacology and Animal Health, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi (UAC), Republic of Benin
3Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health (LATSE), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Republic of Benin
4Zoology Laboratory of the Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Republic of Benin
5Laboratory of Zootechnics, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Republic of Benin
*Corresponding Author: Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade, Zootechnics and Livestock Systems Research Unit (URZoSE), Animal and Fisheries Sciences Laboratory (LaSAH), Doctoral School of Agronomic and Water Sciences (EDSAE), National University of Agriculture (UNA), Republic of Benin.
Received: August 18, 2021; Published: October 18, 2021
Anogeissus leiocarpus and Adansonia digitata are two plant species which the chemical characteristics of their leaves are little studied. The objective of this study was to carry out the phytochemical characterization of the leaf powders of these two tropical medicinal plants used by herders for the treatment of gastrointestinal parasitosis and other diseases of small ruminants. Thus, the phytochemical analysis of leaf powders were based on staining and precipitation reactions. A determination of some chemical constituents of the leaf powder extracts of both plants was carried out. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of tannins and flavonoids in the two plants that would explain their anthelmintic properties. Nevertheless, the screening of Anogeissus leiocarpus leaf powder revealed the absence of alkaloids. The plant extraction yields were 9.85 ± 0.64 and 10.93 ± 0.66 respectively for Anogeissus leiocarpus and Adansonia digitata. The dosage of bioactive molecule families showed that total phenols and flavonoids contents were the highest. The total phenols, condensed tannins and flavonoid contents were 30.01 ± 0.09 mg gallic acid equivalent/mg of the dry extract, 9.83 ± 0.19 mg catechin equivalent/mg of the dry extract and 27.18 ± 0.45 mg rutin equivalent/mg of the dry extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus, respectively. The leaf powder extract of Adansonia digitata also contained significant amounts of total phenols (25.87 ± 0.12 mg gallic acid equivalent/mg of the dry extract), condensed tannins (17.32 ± 0.13 mg catechin equivalent/mg of the dry extract) and flavonoids (21.37 ± 0.09 mg rutin equivalent/mg of the dry extract). These chemical characteristics are conducive to the rational and industrial use of the two target plant species in the management of gastrointestinal parasitosis and other diseases of small ruminants.
Keywords: Anogeissus leiocarpus; Adansonia digitata; Total Phenols; Tannins; Flavonoids; Bioactive Molecules; Natural Anthelmintics
Citation: Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade., et al. “Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Guill and Peer (Combretaceae) and Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae), Tropical Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used for the Management of Gastro-intestinal Parasitosis of Small Ruminants: Chemical Composition Study". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 5.10 (2020): 24-32.
Copyright: © 2020 Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.