Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ASPE)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 5

Application of Robotic Technologies for Complex Rehabilitation of Children with Cerebral Palsy

Omar Gadzhievich Omochev*

Dagestan State Medical University, ANO "Center for Social Assistance, Adaptation, Rehabilitation and Habilitation of Children", Russian Federation, Republic of Dagestan, Kaspiysk, Russia

*Corresponding Author: Omar Gadzhievich Omochev, Dagestan State Medical University, ANO "Center for Social Assistance, Adaptation, Rehabilitation and Habilitation of Children", Russian Federation, Republic of Dagestan, Kaspiysk, Russia.

Received: April 18, 2024; Published: April 26, 2024

Abstract

Annotation. The ability to move in space is one of the most important motor functions of a living organism. Rehabilitation of patients with movement disorders that have developed as a result of diseases and injuries of the central nervous system is one of the most pressing problems of modern medicine. This is due, first of all, to the high prevalence of both vascular diseases of the brain and injuries to the brain and spinal cord. The most common disabling manifestation of the above-mentioned diseases in children is cerebral palsy. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of medical rehabilitation when conducting locomotor therapy using the “Walkbot” software and hardware robotic complex in combination with the “Reforma” thermoelectric pulse suit in the rehabilitation of children with various forms of cerebral palsy. Material and research methods. At the Center for the Rehabilitation of Children with Cerebral Palsy, medical rehabilitation was carried out for 114 children and adolescents from 1 year to 18 years old, including in the individual medical rehabilitation program classes in robotic mechanotherapy using a hardware complex with biofeedback “Walkbot” and simultaneous combined exposure to pulsed currents using a thermoelectric-pulse suit "Reforma". All children and adolescents, depending on gender, were divided into 66 boys and 48 girls. The average age was 11.6 ± 2.1 years. Results and its discussion. Positive dynamics were observed in all 114 cases. In the majority of patients, as a result of a course of complex effects of locomotor therapy on the hardware-software robotic complex “Walkbot” and the simultaneous combined effects of the TEKT suit “Reforma,” there was an improvement in overall motor activity, a decrease in joint stiffness, a decrease in muscle tone, and an increase in the range of motion in the joints. Also, during classes on the Walkbot robotic complex, children with low independent motor activity showed an increase in active training time by 3-4 times. Positive dynamics were recorded in the total distance traveled on the Walkbot robotic complex in children with a high degree of active motor participation in training. The most pronounced positive dynamics of movement kinematics was recorded in children with spastic forms of cerebral palsy. Conclusions. The introduction of locomotor therapy techniques using the “Walkbot” software and hardware robotic complex and the simultaneous combined influence of the “Reforma” TEKT suit into the complex rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy significantly accelerates the restoration of basic motor activity skills.

Keywords: Medical Rehabilitation; Cerebral Palsy; Robotic Mechanotherapy; Electric Pulse Influence

References

  1. Balychevtseva IV and Krivosheeva VV. “The use of kinesiotherapy in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy”. Injury3 (2017): 112-115.
  2. Daminov VD. “Robotic mechanotherapy in neurorehabilitation”. Bulletin of AGIUV (2013): 83-88.
  3. Tkachenko ES., et al. “Cerebral palsy: state of knowledge of the problem (review)”. Mother and Child in Kuzbass77 (2019): 4-9.

Citation

Citation: Omar Gadzhievich Omochev. “Application of Robotic Technologies for Complex Rehabilitation of Children with Cerebral Palsy".Acta Scientific Paediatrics 7.5 (2024): 21-24.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Omar Gadzhievich Omochev. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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