Khalid Jamal Khadoura1,2*, Mohammed Mushtaha1,3, Fathi Mikki1,4, Rawan Ashraf Mesleh1, Ahed Asaad Altubji1, Areej sameh Abed Al Hady1 and Doha Younis Abu Jazer1
1Nursing Department, Faculty of Medical Science, Israa University-Gaza, Palestine
2Nursing Administration, Al-Shifa Hospital, MoH, Gaza, Palestine
3Nursing Administration, Al-Dorra Pediatric Hospital, MoH, Gaza, Palestine
4Head of Clinical Psychology Unit, Al-Shifa Hospital, MoH, Gaza, Palestine
*Corresponding Author: Khalid Jamal Khadoura, Nursing Department, Faculty of Medical Science, Israa University-Gaza, Palestine.
Received: November 15, 2021; Published: January 31, 2022
Background: Bronchial asthma is the most cause of hospitalization among children particularly before 6 years. This study aimed to assess the level of nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward bronchial asthma disease in pediatric departments in Gaza strip hospitals.
Methods: A descriptive-analytic cross-section design was conducted among one hundred sixty-nine nurses who work in different pediatric departments across the Gaza strip Pediatric hospitals. A structured self-administered questionnaire was distributed among nurses, 90.53% were responded from both sexes. Likert scale (three points) questionnaire was designed to measure the knowledge, attitude, and practices of nurses. Data were analyzed by Stata software version 14.
Results: The study showed that the majority of the sample were females (55.56%), and two-thirds of the nurses were married (66.67%) with a mean age of 33 (SD = 8) years which ranged from 21 to 55. Furthermore, almost half of nurses had five to ten years of experience (43.14%). The study showed more than two-third of nurses have good knowledge. Remarkably, about half of nurses (47.06%) did not know that asthma complications may lead to death. Regarding attitude, 41.7% of nurses have a negative attitude towards asthmatic patients, but 36.8% of them have a positive attitude and 24.56% have a fair level of attitude, Moreover, 69.1%of nurses have a good practice and 17.2% of them have a fair level of practice, but 13.2% have poor practice.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the knowledge and practices of most nurses were satisfactory while only less than half of the nurses had positive attitudes towards nursing care of asthmatic patients. However, there was no statistically significant relationship between the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the nurses with other independent variables.
Keywords: Pediatric Nursing; Asthma; Knowledge; Attitudes; Practice
Citation: Khalid Jamal Khadoura., et al. “Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Pediatric Nurses Regarding Asthmatic Patient - Care in Gaza”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 5.2 (2022): 45-56.
Copyright: © 2022 Khalid Jamal Khadoura., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.