Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Case Report Volume 6 Issue 11

Unilateral Intrathoracic Extramedullary Hematopoiesis: A Rare Case Report

Quader Naseer1*, Afshar Alam1, IQRA Hoor2 and Uday Sankar Akash VANKAYALA3

1Medicine and Surgery, Ayaan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India
2Medicine and Surgery, Postgraduate (Pathology), Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, India
3Medicine and Surgery, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding Author: Quader Naseer, Medicine and Surgery, Ayaan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India.

Received: June 23, 2023; Published: September 04, 2023

Abstract

Intrathoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis (ITEMH) is an extremely rare condition characterized by the abnormal proliferation of hematopoietic tissue outside the bone marrow. Here, we present a case of unilateral ITEMH in a 56-year-old male without a history of hematological disorders, which to the best of our knowledge, represents the first reported occurrence of this rare tumor condition. The patient presented with respiratory symptoms and was initially misdiagnosed with a mediastinal mass. Subsequent imaging studies revealed a localized lesion in the left thoracic cavity, which was surgically excised. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of intrathoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis. This case highlights the importance of considering ITEMH in the differential diagnosis of intrathoracic masses, even in the absence of underlying haematological disorders. Categories: Family/General Practice, Internal Medicine, GEN SURGERY

Keywords: Unilateral Intrathoracic Extramedullary Hematopoiesis; Rare Tumor Condition; Hematological Disorders; Differential Diagnosis; Surgical Resection; Adjuvant Therapies; Recurrence; Prognosis

References

  1. Batra K., et al. “Intrathoracic Extramedullary Hematopoiesis Mimicking Mediastinal Mass in a Non-thalassemic Patient”. Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion 3 (2013): 410-412.
  2. Dunham CP., et al. “Unilateral intrathoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis: case report and literature review”. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 4 (2007): 744-747.
  3. Koirala R., et al. “Isolated Unilateral Intrathoracic Extramedullary Hematopoiesis Mimicking Mass Lesion: A Case Report”. Case Reports in Hematology 2019 (2019): 9079518.
  4. Lee CW., et al. “Extramedullary hematopoiesis presenting as mediastinal masses: report of two cases”. Chang Gung Medical Journal 10 (2001): 681-686.
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Citation

Citation: Quader Naseer., et al. “Unilateral Intrathoracic Extramedullary Hematopoiesis: A Rare Case Report". Acta Scientific Neurology 6.11 (2023): 03-05.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Quader Naseer., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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