Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Editorial Volume 5 Issue 5

Awareness about Autism Spectrum Disorder

Suprakash Chaudhury*, Sana Dhamij and Daniel Saldanha

Department of Psychiatry, Dr D Y Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr D Y Patil University, Pimpri, Pune, India

*Corresponding Author:Suprakash Chaudhury, Department of Psychiatry, Dr D Y Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr D Y Patil University, Pimpri, Pune, India.

Received: March 20, 2022; Published: April 01, 2022

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), previously known as pervasive developmental disorder, is a neurological and behavioral disorder that manifests in childhood, characterized by repetitive and restricted patterns of behavior along with impairment of social communication and interaction. In addition, impacting various other domains like intellectual ability, language function and behavior. For the diagnosis of ASD, all three components of social communication and interaction are needed - emotional reciprocation, deficits in non-verbal behavior, inability to understand or maintain relationships. In addition, two out of four components of restrictive repetitive interests and activities should be present. These include repetitive movements (rocking, spinning, hand flapping), use of objects or speech, develops specific rituals and becomes disturbed if they are changes, fixated interests of abnormal intensity, excessive or reduced reactivity to sensory input, and unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment. Several environmental, genetic, immune, infective and neurobiological factors have been proposed as causative factors for this illness [1]. The incidence of ASD has been increasing in the last 30 years, prevalence seen is from 0.1 to 0.6 to 1% of population [2].

References

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Citation

Citation: Suprakash Chaudhury., et al. “Awareness about Autism Spectrum Disorder". Acta Scientific Neurology 5.5 (2022): 01-02.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Suprakash Chaudhury., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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