Comparison of Depression among Married and Divorced People in Ethiopia: Secondary Data Analysis
Abiyu Ayalew Assefa1, Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne1*, Gashaw Mehiret Wubet2, Andualem Zenebe1, Eleni Tesfaye Tegegne3 and Mekibib Kassa Tessema4
1Department of Public Health, Hawassa College of Health Science, Hawassa, Ethiopia
2Health Science College, School of Medicine, Debretabor University, Debretabor, Ethiopia
3College of Medicine and Health Science, School of Nursing, University of Gondar, Gondar
4Leishmania Research and Treatment Center, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne, Department of Public Health, Hawassa College of Health Science, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
June 01, 2021; Published: August 28, 2021
Background: In Ethiopia, mental illness in particular depression is the leading non-communicable disorder in terms of burden. The purpose of this review is to provide latest available comparison of depression among married and divorced people in Ethiopia.
Methods: This is systemic review and meta-analysis by study design. The studies were searched in Google Scholar, Medline and Web of science database and PRISMA guidelines protocol was used to write the systematic review.
Results: Twenty studies were found to be eligible and included in the meta-analysis. The combined effect size of all studies revealed a statistically significant association between marital status and depression (OR = 0.57; 95% CI: 0.37 - 0.86).
Conclusion: We found that divorced people were more likely to have depression than married people. Thus, more attention should be paid to strengthen activities which discourage divorce at community level and integrating mental health counseling into health extension programme is advisable.
Keywords: Depression; Ethiopia; Marital Status; Mental Disorder
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