Study of the Interrelationship Between Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Hypothyroidism
Bijoya Bhattacharjee*1,2, Swarna Upadhyay2 and Joyeta Ghosh2
1*,2Department of Dietetics and Applied Nutrition, Amity Institute of Applied Sciences (AIAS), Amity
1*Department of Food and Nutrition, Swami Vivekananda University, Barrackpore,
West Bengal, Kolkata
*Corresponding Author: Bijoya Bhattacharjee, Department of
Dietetics and Applied Nutrition, Amity Institute of Applied Sciences (AIAS), Amity University, Kolkata,
West Bengal, India; Department of Food and Nutrition, Swami Vivekananda University, Barrackpore,
West Bengal, Kolkata
March 20, 2023; Published: March 23, 2023
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is becoming popular health problem day by day. Report shows that
around15 to 25% of the world population suffers from IBS. There is lack of evidences where
gastrointestinal manifestation is reported with thyroid dysfunctional state, yet in this regard
gastrointestinal motor dysfunction, predisposes with altered intestinal motility as well as
transit time, has been accepted as the leading cause of gastrointestinal symptoms of thyroid
disease. Research shows that patients having hypothyroidism may also experience frequent
bowel movements, diarrhea, along with malabsorption and steatorrhea. epigastric pain and fullness etc such chronic dyspeptic symptoms as well as eructation, nausea and vomiting are also frequently observed among such patients. After all it is still not clear whether thyroid disorder can be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with IBS symptoms or not. Hence in present review the objective was to understand the interrelationship between irritable bowel syndrome and hypothyroidism. The routine thyroid function tests in the diagnostic evaluation of established IBS patients should be recommended since it has been observed that hypothyroid patients have a great risk of developing IBS in the long run. More elaborative evidence based research is required to understand the relationship clearly.
Keywords: Irritable bowel syndrome, gut microbiome, psychosocial status, GI motility.
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