Assessment of Knowledge and Attitude of Household Waste Disposal in Eziama, Aba North Local Government Area, (LGA) Abia, State
Akwuruoha Emmanuel Maduabuchi1, Ndu-Agomuo Ihuoma Lois2, Minadoki David Minadoki3, Ohanaka NjidekaJane3 and Prince Ezenwa Ndubueze Onyemachi3*
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Abia State, Nigeria
2Department of Public Health, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria
3Department of Community Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Abia State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Prince Ezenwa Ndubueze Onyemachi, Department of Community Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Abia State, Nigeria.
February 28, 2023; Published: March 14, 2023
Background: Refuse is a term covering all type of substances generated from living activities of humans and other animals. It is anything that is not wanted by a person and is thrown away because of reduced value of the substance. Refuse includes garbage or kitchen waste, paper, empty cans, broken bottles, glass, iron scraps, plastic, etc. Indiscriminate disposal of waste results in unsightly appearance, foul smelling environment and spread of diseases. Refuse management involves huge sum of money, materials and manpower for proper treatment.
Objective: Assessment of knowledge and attitude of Household solid waste disposal in Eziama, Aba North Local Government Area. Abia State, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study performed in Eziama Community in Aba North Local Government Area in ABA, Abia State, Nigeria. Self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 465 household heads for the study.
Result: A total of 465 household heads were selected by systematic sampling methods with response rate of 15 (2.4%). Mean age was 35 ± 6.421. Level of good knowledge and positive attitude on waste management are 283 (62.9%) and 210 (46.7%) respectively. The relationship between the socio-demographic variables (age group, marital status and level of education) and level of knowledge and attitude of solid waste management were statistically significant, at p-value of <0.05.
Conclusion: The level of knowledge is high 62.9% and that of attitude is low 46.7%. The association between the level of knowledge and attitude and age group, marital status and level of education of the respondents was statistically significant respectively. The major source of information (40%) was from the community leader. The correlation (r = 0.076) between knowledge and attitude is not statistically significant at p-value of 0.01.
Keywords: Assessment; Knowledge; Attitude; Household; Solid Waste Disposal; Aba North; Abia State; Nigeria
- Solid waste collection and disposal HLTHMAN. 20 part 8, Chapter3 (2009).
- Obionu CN. “Primary Health Care for Developing Countries”. 3rd Edition 2016 chapter 5 (2016): 325-384.
- Reyes P B and Furto MV. “Greening of the Solid Waste Management in Batangas City”. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy11(2013):187-194.
- Uchegbu SN. “Issues and strategies in environmental planning and management in Nigeria”. Spot Lite Publishers (2012).
- Agogu POU., et al. “Assessment of waste management practices among Residents of Owerri Municipal Imo State Nigeria”. Journal of Environmental Protection 6(2015):446-456.
- Lucas AO and Gilles HM. “Short textbook of public health medicine for the Tropics”. Hodder Arnold. Revised fourth edition © (2003).
- United Nations Environmental Programme, (2005).
- Shahzadi A., et al. “Determination the level of knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding household waste disposal among people in rural community of Lahore”. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management 5(2018): 219-224.
- Momodu NS., et al. “Mitigating the impact of solid wastes in urban Centres in Nigeria”. Journal of Human Ecology 34(2011): 125-133.
- Falola Toyin Heaton and Matthew. “A History of Nigeria” (2008).
- Federal Republic of Nigeria, Population Census Gazette, No.2 Abuja 96(2009):20-21.
- Onwasigwe CN. “Principles and Methods of Epidemiology”. 2nd Dept of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria (2010): 149-152.
- Pensiri Akkajit., et al. “Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice in respect of Medical Waste Management among Healthcare Workers in Clinics in Thalang district, Thailand, Research Article”. (2020).
- Laor P., et al. “Knowledge, attitude and practice of municipal solid waste management among highland residents in Northern Thailand". Journal of Health Research 2(2018):123-131.
- Asiegbu OG., et al. “Knowledge Attitude and Practices of Refuse Disposal in Abakaliki South East Nigeria”. Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences (SJAMS)10B(2017):3925-3928.
- Jatau AA. “Knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with waste management in Jos South Metropolis, Plateau State”. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences5(2013):119.
- Mamady K. “Factors influencing attitude, safety behavior, and knowledge regarding household waste management in Guinea: a cross-sectional study”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health (2016).
- Garang MJ., et al. “Assessment of the factors and challenges related to solid waste management in Bor Town, South Sudan”. JNSR22(2016): 1-6.
- Laabar TD., et al. “Hospital waste management: a study on knowledge, attitude and practice among health staff and waste handlers in Jigme Dorji Wangchuk National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan”. Journal of Health Research5(2012): 271-275.
- Dibyashwori Lakhe and Sajita Manandhar. “Knowledge and Practice Regarding Household Waste Management among Middle Aged Adult People of Banepa Municipality, Scheer Memorial Adventist Hospital, College of Nursing, Banepa, Kavre, Nepal”. Nepal Medical College Journal, Original article December 24.4(2022): 311-315.
- Muhammad D., et al. “Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding household waste management among residents of rural Peshawar, Pakistan”. Journal of Saidu Medical College, Swat 7(2017).
- Panyako O., et al. “Demographic and socio-economic factors as determinant of environmental attitude in Mavoko Peri-Urban settlements of Nairobi Methropolis, Kenya”. AJSSH 3(2015): 20-43.
- Barloa EP., et al. “Knowledge, attitudes, and practices on solid waste management among undergraduate students in a Philippine state university”. JEES 6(2016): 146-153.
- Arora L., et al. “Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding waste management in selected hostel students of University of Rajasthan, Jaipur”. IJCEPR 1(2011): 40-43.