Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Case Report Volume 5 Issue 1

Case Report: E-cigarette or Vaping Induced Lung Injury

Kyle Meggison*, Veronica Tucci and Alfredo Tirado

Department of Emergency Medicine, HCA Healthcare/USF Morsani College of Medicine GME, Oak Hill Hospital, Brooksville, Florida

*Corresponding Author: Kyle Meggison, Department of Emergency Medicine, HCA Healthcare/USF Morsani College of Medicine GME, Oak Hill Hospital, Brooksville, Florida.

Received: November 11, 2020; Published: December 22, 2020

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Abstract

  Electronic cigarettes have grown in popularity over the past few years. The medical literature and mainstream media have published accounts of e cigarettes causing severe respiratory distress in younger patients despite being marketed as a “safer” alternative to regular cigarettes. There have been cases throughout the country where individuals who use these products experience severe respiratory distress. This case report describes the clinical course of a young patient presenting to the emergency department in acute respiratory distress. We discuss the pathophysiology, incidence, prevalence, and morbidity and mortality of EVALI (E cigarette or vaping induced lung injury).

Keywords: Lung Injury; E-cigarette; Steroid Taper

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References

  1. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Committee on the Review of the Health Effects of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems; Eaton DL, Kwan LY, Stratton K, editors. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); E-Cigarette Devices, Uses, and Exposures (2018).
  2. Levy DT., et al. “The prevalence and characteristics of E-cigarette users in the U.S”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10 (2017): 14.
  3. Cullen KA., et al. “E-Cigarette Use Among Youth in the United States”. JAMA 21 (2019): 2095-2103.
  4. Layden JE., et al. “Pulmonary Illness Related to E-Cigarette Use in Illinois and Wisconsin - Final Report”. The New England Journal of Medicine 382 (2020): 903-916.
  5. Blount BC., et al. “Vitamin E Acetate in Bronchoalveolar-Lavage Fluid Associated with EVALI”. The New England Journal of Medicine 8 (2020): 697-705.
  6. Wu D and O'Shea D. “Potential for Release of Pulmonary Toxic Ketene from Vaping Pyrolysis of Vitamin E Acetate”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 12 (2020): 6349-6355.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Current cigarette smoking among adults in the United States” (2020).
  8. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. “Outbreak of Lung Injury Associated with the Use of E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Products” (2019).
  9. S. Food and Drug Administration. “Menthol and other Flavors in Tobacco Products” (2020).
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Citation

Citation: Kyle Meggison., et al. “Case Report: E-cigarette or Vaping Induced Lung Injury”. Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.1 (2021): 73-75.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.851

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