Maria Luisa Marsillac1,2*, Sandra Gioia2,3,5, Fernanda Campos da Silva1, Cristiane Torres2, Lucia Brigadão2, Sandra San Miguel4, Alexandra Bukowski5, Lindsay Krush5 and Paul E Goss5
1Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro(UNIRIO), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2State Secretariat of Health, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
3Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
4National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA
5Global Cancer Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
*Corresponding Author: Maria Luisa Marsillac, MD; PPGMED/DECIGE. University Hospital Gaffrée e Guinle(HUGG) - UNIRIO, 2° Floor. Rua Mariz e Barros, 775 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: January 17, 2020; Published: January 28, 2020
Background: Patient Navigation Program (PNP) assists patients to reduce delays in diagnosis and treatment. A study was conducted on how PNP in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, could promote adherence to the "Law of 60 Days", which states that all patients with cancer within the public system should start treatment within 60 days after diagnosis of cancer.
Materials and Methods: From August 2017 to May 2018, 105 patients aged 33-80 years (mean 59 years) were recruited for Patient Navigator. Follow-up was by phone, email, or text message. PNP implemented at Rio Imagem was designed to: 1) collect important data on specific barriers, and 2) ensure that at least 70% of the patients recruited with breast cancer initiate treatment within the mandatory 60-days period.
Results: Patients presented with stage 0 (4%), I-IIA (38%), IIB-IIIB (48%) and IV (5%). These included barriers to compliance with the law: fear and fatalistic thoughts (99%), financial burden (79%), uncoordinated health care (76%), attitudes towards providers (75%), duplicity of pre-treatment exams (52%), patient-provider communication (52%), transport (42%), scheduling (24%), and queues for surgical treatment (12%). PNP had 100% patient satisfaction and in 52% of the cases it helped the patients to start treatment within the period established by law.
Conclusion: PNP in Rio did not reach the success rate a 70% to comply with the law, as intended (it reached 52%). However, the barriers that PN did not manage to overcome the lack of human resources and medical supplies, were informed to the health authorities and to the hospital managers.
Keywords: Patient Navigation; Breast Neoplasms; Barriers; Health Systems
Citation: Maria Luisa Marsillac., et al. “Improvement of the "Law of 60 Days" by Implementing Patient Navigation Within the Breast Cancer Program: Pilot Project in Rio De Janeiro”.Acta Scientific Cancer Biology 4.3 (2020): 42-47.
Copyright: © 2020 Maria Luisa Marsillac., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.