Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Case Report Volume 7 Issue 2

Application of 3d Models in Preoperative Planning of Tibial Plateau Fractures: Can We Expect Changes?

Diego Edwards1,2,4*, Sebastián Bianchi5, Juan Pablo Casas- Cordero2,4, Francisco Cornejo2, Sebastián García3, Lautaro Campos2, Marcel Galle2, Víctor Barrientos6 and Gerardo Zelaya2,4

1Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Clínica Alemana (Universidad Del Desarrollo) – Hospital La Florida (Universidad Finis Terrae), Chile
2Hospital La Florida, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Santiago, Chile
3Clínica las Condes, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Santiago, Chile
4Universidad Finis Terrae, Faculty of Medicine, Santiago, Chile
5Hospital del Trabajador, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Santiago, Chile
6Hospital del Trabajador, Biostatistics Department, Santiago, Chile

*Corresponding Author: Diego Edwards, Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Clínica Alemana (Universidad Del Desarrollo) - Hospital La Florida (Universidad Finis Terrae), Chile.

Received: December 06, 2023; Published: January 25, 2024

Abstract

Background: Tibial Plateau fractures are complex lesions that require deep understanding of the lesion morphology. Computed tomography (CT) is essential for preoperative planning. Studies have shown clinical benefits in surgical management with the application of 3D models. The aim of the study is to analyze changes in preoperative planning by using 3D printing vs CT.

Hypothesis: The use of 3D models generates important changes in preoperative planning of tibial plateau fractures.

Material and Method: A descriptive observational study was performed. Patients with Schatzker V and VI tibial plateau fracture were included in the same center, with CT images in the local DICOM system. Patients who did not have a complete set of images or 3D reconstruction were excluded. The models were generated using Meshmixer version 3.5.4 software, printing each case using Creality version CR-10 max printer.

Preoperative planning surveys were completed by knee surgeons, using 3D models evaluating four variables (number of plates, surgical approach, position of the patient, use of bone graft). The survey was repeated a week later, using the respective CT, anonymizing each case. A descriptive analysis was performed and the intraobserver agreement was calculated by Cohen’s Kappa test using Excel 16.70 for each independent variable and then, for each complete case.

Results: Ten patients with tibial plateau fractures were evaluated by ten knee surgeons separated in two groups, according to less or more than 10 years of experience (five surgeons in each group). The agreement for the number of plates, surgical approach, position of the patient and use of bone graft, had a kappa value of 0.31, 0.16, 0.53 and 0.49 respectively, obtaining an overall result of 0.37. 80% of the cases had at least one change within the 4 variables studied from the use of 3D models with a Kappa Cohen value of 0. The agreement in the group of surgeons with less than 10 years of experience had an average Kappa value of 0.34 and the group with more than 10 years an average of 0.39.

Conclusion: The application of 3D models in tibial plateau fractures presents a high rate of changes in preoperative planning, especially in the choice of plate number and surgical approach.

Keywords: 3D Printing; Tibial Plateau Fracture; Preoperative Planning; Level of Agreement

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Citation

Citation: Diego Edwards., et al. “Application of 3d Models in Preoperative Planning of Tibial Plateau Fractures: Can We Expect Changes?".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 7.2 (2024): 58-63.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Diego Edwards., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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