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Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Case Report Volume 6 Issue 12

Clinical and Radiological Outcome of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative and Lytic Spondylolisthesis

Nagendra Kuna1, Anil Kumar Chintada2* and Ashish Jaiswal1

1Department of Orthopedics, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, C.G, India
2Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Q1 Hospitals, Arilova Health City, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Anil Kumar Chintada, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Q1 Hospitals, Arilova Health City, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Received: August 30, 2023; Published: November 27, 2023

Abstract

Aim: To assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of the Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion technique in patients with degenerative and lytic spondylolisthesis.

Methods: It is a prospective analytical study done between June 2017 and December 2018. Inclusion criteria included degenerative and lytic segmental instability, degenerative disc disease, previous laminectomy or discectomy and patients not responding to non-operative management for a minimum of 3 months. 56 patients were included, who were evaluated clinically and radiologically before surgery and after surgery till 12 months. Clinical outcomes were assessed using a visual analogue scale for low back pain and lower limb radicular pain, functional outcomes were assessed using the Oswestry Disability Index. Radiological fusion was evaluated at individual levels that were obtained postoperatively every 3 months to assess fusion till 12 months.

Results: There were 17 males and 39 females in our study with a mean age of 52.2 years. Degenerative lesions were found in 40 patients, Lytic lesions were found in 14 patients and 2 were previously operated patients. The majority of the lesions were at the level of L4-L5, followed by L5-S1 level, we also had 3 cases at the L3-L4 level, while 2 patients had lesions at two levels, L3-L4 and L4-L5. Most of the patients had lesions at one vertebral level. Only two patients had involvement of two vertebral levels. The mean duration of surgery was 164 ± 22.86 min and the mean blood loss was 450.54 ± 125.94ml. The minimum stay was 2 days while the maximum stay was 12 days. The VAS for Back and leg pain showed a gradual improvement in the mean pain scores of 91.07% and 92.86% respectively. 89.29% had improvement in the ODI scores. We observed a radiological fusion rate of 89.29% in the follow-up examination. Our study observed complications in four patients which were managed accordingly.

Conclusion: TLIF is a safe and effective method to achieve circumferential fusion though it is technically challenging and the surgeon needs to be proficient in the technique to avoid complications, our clinical and radiological analysis confirmed that patients did benefit significantly in terms of pain, overall health and disability status.

Keywords: Clinical; Radiological; Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody; Degenerative; Lytic Spondylolisthesis

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Citation

Citation: Anil Kumar Chintada., et al. “Clinical and Radiological Outcome of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative and Lytic Spondylolisthesis".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 6.12 (2023): 78-85.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Nagendra Kuna., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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