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Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 12

Relationship of BMI With Flatfoot and Core Stability in Young Adults -A Case Control Study

Ajith Jacob1 and Sneha Vishwanath2*

1BPT Intern, Alva’s College of Physiotherapy, Moodabidri, Karnataka, India
2Associate Professor, Alva’s College of Physiotherapy, Moodabidri, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Sneha Vishwanath, Associate Professor, Alva’s College of Physiotherapy, Moodabidri, Karnataka, India.

Received: October 16, 2023; Published: November 27, 2023

Abstract

Background: Obesity causes severe disability and a lower quality of life. By dividing body weight (kg) by height (m2), one indicator of a person's weight level is the body mass index or BMI. In the meantime, the majority of direct measurements of obesity are closely associated with Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a useful and readily measured index of relative weight. The physical composition has a major impact on BMI. The musculoskeletal system may benefit from core stability in a number of ways, from maintaining low back health to avoiding knee ligament damage. A reduction in the medial longitudinal arch of the foot is known as flatfoot. A frequent malformation affecting adults is flexible flatfoot. More proximal lower limb dysfunctions brought on by bilateral flat feet affect the core stability.

Methodology: Present case control study includes,60 college going students in the age group 18-25 yrs were recruited including 30 with normal foot and 30 with bilateral flat foot. Height and weight was recorded and BMI was calculated. A single-time failure-prone Plank test was used to examine core stability, and the Navicular Drop Test (NDT) was used to evaluate flat feet.

Result: Correlation(r value) between plank time and BMI is -0.357, ND LT [Normal] is -0.312, shows negative correlation hence correlation is not significant and ND RT [Normal] is 0.001 showing positive correlation. In Bilateral flatfoot, correlation between plank time and BMI Bilateral] is -0.1806 which is also a negative correlation hence correlation is not significant. Correlation is significant when BMI with ND RT [bilateral flatfoot] is 0.4109 and ND LT [bilateral flatfoot] is 0.316 .Plank time mean values in normal foot are greater than bilateral flatfoot. Navicular drop of both the sides- right and left in bilateral flatfoot is present more than normal foot.

Conclusion: This study established relationship of body mass index with foot posture and core stability in the young adult population. Analysis revealed that in flatfoot there is a significant correlation between BMI and foot Posture assessed by navicular drop and no correlation with core stability assessed by plank time.

Keywords: Flat Foot; College Students; Core Stability; Navicular Drop; Plank Time

References

  1. Faten F Elataar., et al. “Core muscles’ endurance in flexible flatfeet: A cross - sectional study”. Department of Physical Therapy for Musculoskeletal Disorders and its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt (2020).
  2. Abhilash , et al. “Relationship between Core Endurance and Flat Foot Among College Students”. IOSR Journal of Sports and Physical Education (IOSR-JSPE) 8.4 (2021): 36-40.
  3. Nisha Dhasal and Zeba Barodawala. “Correlation of body mass index with foot posture and core stability in the young adult population”. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research 04 (2019): 31844-31849.
  4. Mona T Abd El Ghafar., et al. “Differences in Lateral Core Muscles’ Endurance Measurementsb Adolescents with And Without Flexible Flat-Feet”. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine 1 (2021): 2767-2771.
  5. Moreno-Barriga OS., et al. “Effects of Foot Structure Type on Core Stability in University Athletes”. Life 13 (2023): 1487.
  6. Tri Suciati., et al. “Correlation between flat feet and body mass index in primary school students”. Sriwijaya International Conference on Medical and Sciences IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Series 1246 (2019): 012063.
  7. Milind Giridhar , et al. “The Association Between Flat Feet and Body Mass Index in Various Age Groups”. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology 14.4 (2020).
  8. Ashok , et al. “Prevalence of Flexible Flat Foot in Adults: A Cross-sectional Study”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 11.6 (2017): AC17-AC20.
  9. Anita Faradilla Rahim., et al. “Correlation Between Agility and Flat Feet in Children 5-6 Years Old”. In Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar (2017): 234-237.
  10. Mindia Patel., et al. “Relationship of Anterior Knee Pain and Flat foot: A Cross- Sectional Study”. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research3 (2022).

Citation

Citation: Ajith Jacob and Sneha Vishwanath. “Relationship of BMI With Flatfoot and Core Stability in Young Adults -A Case Control Study".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 6.12 (2023): 74-79.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ajith Jacob and Sneha Vishwanath. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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