Acta Scientific Neurology (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Letter to EditorVolume 4 Issue 5

Air Pollution Increases the Risk of Transmission and Replication and Production of Mutant Forms of COVID-19

Hamidreza Famitafreshi and Morteza Karimian*

Physiology Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Morteza Karimian, Physiology Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Received: March 30, 2021; Published: April 28, 2021

Citation: Hamidreza Famitafreshi and Morteza Karimian. “Air Pollution Increases the Risk of Transmission and Replication and Production of Mutant Forms of COVID-19”. Acta Scientific Neurology 4.5 (2021): 56.

Keywords: COVID-19; Pollution; Air; Microparticle and Industrialized

  Air pollution is a dangerous condition to health that adversely affects human societies especially in industrialized countries [1]. However, there are some conditions that air pollution has an addictive effect on the pre-existing condition. Nowadays the COVID-19 pandemic has compressed human societies, it is necessary to minimize the addictive factors such as air pollution to decrease the risk of transmission, replication, and may be mutation since air pollution is stressful to living creatures.

  Recent studies have been well highlighted the adverse effect of air pollution on the COVID-19 pandemic [2]. Microparticles can act as vehicles that carry the viruses. Due to gravity, particles smaller than 10 µm stays a long time in the atmosphere than larger particles. These microparticles act as a surface for virus replication and also as vehicles that travel a distance way to other areas. In this sense air pollution should be controlled. Especially this situation becomes more complex when these particles carry the mutant form of the virus. It should be noted that air microparticles vary in different forms and sizes [3]. However, it has been well documented that air pollution is toxic to DNA that may cause mutation in viruses that accelerate the emergence f mutant virus.

  These days COVID-19 has caused a great burden to societies and it should be kept in mind this situation may become worse in the future in various ways especially with the emergence of a mutant form of the virus that would be difficult to control. In some areas that winding is not usual that mostly surrounded by mountains this situation becomes worse and air pollution must be controlled [4]. This situation will be more dangerous in industrialized areas and less in rural places. The generation of smaller microparticles may be more important than larger ones and processes that cause the generation of more microparticles may be of more topic of consideration.

Conflict of Interest

None to declare.


  1. Gallotti R., et al. “Assessing the risks of" infodemics" in response to COVID-19 epidemics”. Nature Human Behaviour 4 (2020): 1285-1293.
  2. Coccia M. “Two mechanisms for accelerated diffusion of COVID-19 outbreaks in regions with high intensity of population and polluting industrialization: the air pollution-to-human and human-to-human transmission dynamics”. medRxiv (2020).
  3. Golokhvast K., et al. “Impact of atmospheric microparticles on the development of oxidative stress in healthy city/industrial seaport residents”. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 2015 (2015).
  4. Coccia M. “The effects of atmospheric stability with low wind speed and of air pollution on the accelerated transmission dynamics of COVID-19”. International Journal of Environmental Studies1 (2020): 1-27.

Copyright: © 2021 Hamidreza Famitafreshi and Morteza Karimian. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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