Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders (ASGIS)(ISSN: 2582-1091)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 12

To Determine the Frequency of Diabetics and Compare the Frequency of Port Site Infection in Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetics in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Muhammad Bilal Akbar1*, Sheza2 and Babar Hameed3

1Senior Clinical Fellow, Dr. Grays Hospital, UK. Visiting Consultant, National Hospital and Medical Centre Lahore
2Post Graduate Trainee General Surgery, National Hospital and Medical Centre Lahore
3Consultant Surgeon, National Hospital and Medical Centre Lahore

*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Bilal Akbar, Senior Clinical Fellow, Dr. Grays Hospital, UK. Visiting Consultant, National Hospital and Medical Centre Lahore.

Received: October 31, 2023; Published: November 23, 2023

Abstract

Introduction: Port site infection (PSI) is always a concern for the affected. PSI can result in increase in the morbidity, hospital stay and financial loss to the patient. There are certain risk factors that can result in this infection risk and include Diabetes Mellitus (DM), immunocompromised states such as end stage renal or liver disease, immune suppressive drugs and the burden of the infected collection in the abdomen needing surgery.

Objectives: To determine the frequency of diabetics in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to compare the frequency of port site infection in diabetic versus non-diabetics undergoing laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Study design: Descriptive, case series study.

Setting: Department of General Surgery, National Hospital & Medical Centre (NHMC), Lahore.

Study duration: 14th April 2020 to 13th October 2020.

Materials and Methods: A total of 140 cases undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and of ages 20-70 year old were included. Patients with malignancies, sepsis and end stage renal failure were excluded. All patients were optimized before surgery. Then these cases were divided into two equal groups by determining the frequency of DM. All cases were undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy by a consultant surgeon with at least 1 year or more post fellow ship experience. Then these cases were assessed daily till discharge and were followed up at day 7 and 14.

Results: Age range in this study was from 20 to 70 years with mean age of 41.56 ± 9.11 years. Majority of the patients 95 (67.86%) were between 20 to 45 years of age. Out of 140 patients, 110 (78.57%) were female and 30 (21.43%) were males with male to female ratio 3.7:1. In our study, frequency of diabetics in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy was found in 24 (17.14%) patients. Frequency of port site infection in diabetic patients was found in 08 (33.33%) patients versus in 05 (4.31%) non-diabetics undergoing laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Conclusion: This study concluded that frequency of diabetics in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy was found to be 17.14% with frequency of port site infection in diabetic is significantly high than non-diabetics.

Keywords: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy; Diabetics; Port Site Infection

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Citation

Citation: Muhammad Bilal Akbar., et al. “To Determine the Frequency of Diabetics and Compare the Frequency of Port Site Infection in Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetics in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy".Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 6.12 (2023): 47-53.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Muhammad Bilal Akbar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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