Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 8 Issue 4

Advancements in Periodontal Therapy: Harnessing the Power of Lasers - A Narrative Review

Sumalatha Appam*

Periodontist, Private Practitioner Working in Siri Dental Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

*Corresponding Author: Sumalatha Appam, Periodontist, Private Practitioner Working in Siri Dental Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Received: March 04, 2024; Published: March 19, 2024

Abstract

Laser therapy is a rapidly advancing method in periodontology that enhances accessibility and affordability of basic procedures. It is a monochromatic light generated through the stimulation of synthetic material, exhibiting a single wavelength. Laser devices consist of an active medium, two mirrors, and systems for delivering lasers. The interaction between laser and tissue initiates a photothermal reaction, resulting in an elevation of the tissue's internal temperature and the production of thermal energy. Laser therapy has shown significant efficacy in promoting periodontal healing, offering advantages such as haemostasis, sterilisation of periodontal pockets, bio-stimulation, and decreased morbidity compared to surgical techniques.
Peri-implantitis is a clinical condition characterized by an inflammatory response in the soft and hard tissues of osteo-integrated dental implants. Various clinical procedures have been proposed for managing peri-implant diseases, including non-surgical interventions, surgical interventions, flap elevation, laser disinfection, implantoplasty, resection procedures, and guided tissue and bone regeneration procedures.
Low-level laser therapy, also known as soft or therapeutic lasers, has minimal adverse effects due to the absence of noticeable temperature fluctuations when applied to soft tissues. Photo-biomodulation therapy stimulates and modulates cellular components, enhancing bone healing, periodontal tissue healing, osteointegration of implants, and bone reconstruction.

Keywords: Periodontics; Laser Therapy; Gum Diseases; Advancements

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Citation

Citation: Sumalatha Appam. “Advancements in Periodontal Therapy: Harnessing the Power of Lasers - A Narrative Review".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 8.4 (2024): 43-48.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Sumalatha Appam. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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