Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 10

Effect of Fit Checking Materials and Cleaning Methods on the Contact Angle of Luting Agents- an In Vitro Study Conducted on Metallic and Ceramic Surfaces

M Jyothi1, K Chandrasekharan Nair2*, Vahini Reddy3 and Jayakar Shetty4

1Associate Professor of Prosthodontics, M R Ambedkar Dental College, Bangalore, India
2Professor Emeritus, Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Akathumuri, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
3Professor and Head of the Department of Prosthodontics, Oxford Dental College, Bangalore, India
4Former Professor and Principal, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India

*Corresponding Author: K Chandrasekharan Nair, Professor Emeritus, Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Akathumuri, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Received: September 04, 2023; Published: September 26, 2023

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the effect of two restorative surfaces viz. Nickel-chromium alloy and IPS Empress ceramic on the contact angle of two luting agents- Glass ionomer cement and Zinc phosphate cement. 2.To compare the effect of different fit checking materials viz. fit checker silicone and Occlusion spray on the contact angle of luting agents. 3.To compare the effect of different cleaning methods viz. Steam cleaning, Ultrasonic cleaning, Liquid detergent, water and alcohol on the contact angle of luting agents.

Materials and Methods: Disc shaped specimens (20 x 2mm) were prepared in IPS Empress ceramic and Nickel chromium alloy. Glass ionomer and zinc phosphate cement were dispensed on the discs and the contact angle was measured using Contour and Roughness Tester with the help of Ultra contour software. Fit indicating materials - Fit checker silicone and Okklean occlusion spray were applied on the discs and subsequently cleaned with various cleaning methods mentioned above. The cements were dispensed again and the contact angle was measured. Data was statistically analyzed using factorial ANOVA.

Results: Ceramic surface recorded a mean contact angle of 77.57 ± 11.44o and metal surface recorded a mean contact angle of 84.12 ± 9.94o irrespective of the type of luting cement used. After the application of fit checker silicone mean contact angle recorded was 86.74 ± 9.57o and after Okklean occlusion spray the contact angle recorded was 78.95 ± 11.27o. Without the application of fit checking material, the mean contact angle recorded was 76.84 ± 10.21. With Glass ionomer the contact angle was 72.69 ± 8.030 and with zinc phosphate the contact angle was 89 ± 7.310. When no cleaning method was employed after the application of fit checking material, the contact angle was 83.98 ± 10.47o. After cleaning with alcohol, the mean contact angle was 74.30 ± 10.12o; with liquid detergent 79.21 ± 9.06o; steam cleaning 85.19 ± 10.32o; ultrasonic cleaning 81.68 ± 11.05o and with water the mean contact angle was 80.71 ± 12.62o. The results obtained were statistically significant (p ˂ 0.001).

Conclusions: Wettability of metal and ceramic surfaces decreased when treated with fit checking materials. Glass ionomer cements have better wettability than zinc phosphate cement irrespective of the surfaces (ceramic/metal), fit indicating materials (occlusion spray/fit checker) and cleaning methods. Amongst the cleaning agents employed to restore the wetting properties of ceramic and metallic surfaces, alcohol proved to be superior. Detergents, water, ultrasonic cleaning and steam followed in a decreasing order

Keywords: Nickel-chromium alloy, IPS Empress ceramic, contact angle, Glass ionomer cement, Zinc phosphate cement, Alcohol, Liquid detergent, Steam cleaning, Ultrasonic cleaning, Water.

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Citation

Citation: M Jyothi., et al. “Effect of Fit Checking Materials and Cleaning Methods on the Contact Angle of Luting Agents- an In Vitro Study Conducted on Metallic and Ceramic Surfaces".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.10 (2023): 113-123.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 K Chandrasekharan Nair., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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