Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 10

Current Status and Future Prospects of Stem Cells in Dentistry-A Review

Anindita Kundoo and Vidya Dodwad*

Department of Periodontology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University, Dental College and Hospital, Pune, India

*Corresponding Author: Vidya Dodwad; Department of Periodontology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University, Dental College and Hospital, Pune, India.

Received: September 04, 2023; Published: September 26, 2023

Abstract

Stem cells are able to multiply and create cell lines that can develop into different cell lineages. Depending on their source, stem cells can either be adult or embryonic stem cells and can be taken from a variety of locations. Due to their capacity for self-renewal, they are employed to treat significant flaws brought about by diseases, injuries, or surgical procedures. They are nevertheless constrained by moral and ethical issues as well as the challenges of isolation, culturing, and implantation. The regeneration of orofacial structures uses dental stem cells, which still have the ability to differentiate into neurogenic, adipogenic, and odontogenic components. Prior to stem cell implantation, scaffolding that has been treated with bone morphogenic proteins and growth factors is crucial. The introduction of 3D scaffolding with biomatrix into the therapeutic setting will aid in the regeneration of tissues. The pulp, apical papilla, dental follicle, periodontal ligament, deciduous teeth, and mucosa in the maxillofacial region are possible sources of stem cells. They can be applied to the bioengineering of periodontal tissues, soft tissues, bone, and the temporomandibular joint. To fully use the enormous potential of stem cell therapy and ensure future treatment outcomes, a multispecialty strategy integrating cell biologists, pharmacologists, and bioengineers is necessary. As a result, this review provides a narrative of the development of stem cell use over time and clarifies the bioethical stance of today's various religions in relation to social ones with regard to the study and application of embryonic and adult stem cells.

Keywords: Periodontal Regeneration; Stem Cell; Stem Cell Therapy

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Citation

Citation: Anindita Kundoo and Vidya Dodwad. “Current Status and Future Prospects of Stem Cells in Dentistry-A Review"Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.10 (2023): 105-112.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Anindita Kundoo and Vidya Dodwad. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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