Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 10

Canine Distraction: A Three-Dimensional Evaluation

Khaled Helmi Abualroos1*, Fatma Abdou Abd El Sayed2, Mona Mohamed Salah Fayed3 and Ammar Alkayal4

1Specialist Orthodontist, Department of Orthodontics, Private Clinic Practice, Dubai, UAE
2Professor of Orthodontics, Head of Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
3Professor of Orthodontics, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
4Specialist Orthodontist, Department of Orthodontics, Private Clinic Practice, Dubai, UAE

*Corresponding Author: Khaled Helmi Abualroos, Specialist Orthodontist, Department of Orthodontics, Private Clinic Practice, Dubai, UAE.

Received: August 28, 2023; Published: September 10, 2023

Abstract

Background: Underscoring the importance of maintaining periodontal tissue health in ensuring high-quality orthodontic treatment outcomes remains highly significant. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of dental distraction (DD) for rapid canine distalization on the periodontium integrity of the distracted maxillary canines.

Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 14 maxillary canines of 7 adult female patients aged between 19 and 24 years. A ready-made distraction device was used for all patients. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), pocket depth (PD) and width of the keratinized gingiva were measured pre-DD, post-DD and 6-months post-distraction procedure (6-m post-DD). Data were analysed using repeated measure ANOVA and Friedman's tests.

Results: There was a statistically significant increase in PI, GI and PD measurements of buccal and distal sites during the post-distraction evaluation period. In contrast, all parameters were significantly decreased at 6-m post-DD. The width of keratinized gingiva showed no significant changes at any time point.

Conclusion: It could be concluded that dental distraction is an efficient technique with no unfavourable long-term effects on the periodontal tissues of rapidly distalized canine teeth.

Keywords: Dental Distraction; Canine Distalization; Periodontium; Plaque Index; Gingival Index; Pocket Depth

References

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Citation

Citation: Khaled Helmi Abualroos., et al. “Canine Distraction: Periodontium Integrity Evaluation".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.10 (2023): 50-55.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Khaled Helmi Abualroos., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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