Oral Manifestations of Mucocutanous Disorders: Exploring Frequency and Oral
Health-Related Quality of Life in Egyptian Cohort
Sherin Elsayed*, Wesam Abdel Moneim and Shereen Ali
Department of Oral Medicine and Peridontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo
*Corresponding Author: Sherin Elsayed, Department of Oral Medicine and
Peridontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt.
Received: October 17, 2022; Published: November 15, 2022
Background: Literature studying the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among mucocutaneous disorders are limited. This study counted the frequency of oral manifestations among patients suffering from mucocutaneous disorders and assessed the effect of these oral manifestations on the OHRQoL using Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14).
Methods: The study included adult patients diagnosed with either pemphigus vulgaris (PV), mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP), erythema multiforme (EM) or Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). We documented patients with oral manifestations during the study and those with previous history. We measured the pain intensity using visual analogue scale (VAS) and OHRQoL by OHIP-14.
Results: Frequencies of oral manifestations were 75%, 62.9%, 76.6% and 26.6%, respectively, among MMP, PV, SJS and EM patients. Patients who reported history of oral manifestations were 18.75%, 9.8%, 6.7% and 22.2%, correspondingly. The frequency of females exceeded the males in all the disorders. MMP patients were the older, while SJS patients were the youngest. EM patients scored the highest VAS score, followed by SJS, then PV and MMP. Concerning OHIP-14 scores, EM scores were the highest followed by SJS, then MMP and PV interchangeably.
Conclusion: The frequency of oral manifestations was high among the studied disorders. Oral manifestations affected the OHRQoL severely, where EM and SJS are associated with the poorest OHRQoL.
Keywords:Mucocutaneous Disorders; Quality of Life; OHRQoL; MMP; PV; SJS; EM; OHIP-14
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