Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 2

3D Printing: Its Application in Pediatric Dental Practice

Rajib Sikdar, Anisha Bag, Supreet Shirolkar*, Khooshbu Gayen, Subir Sarkar and Somen Roychowdhury

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

*Corresponding Author: Supreet Shirolkar, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Received: December 31, 2021; Published: January 25, 2022


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an additive manufacturing technique that entails depositing many layers of material to make a three-dimensional (3D) object. 3D printers are machines that produce representations of items created with CAD software or scanned with a 3D scanner. Selective laser sintering (SLS), stereolithography, fused deposition modeling, and laminated object creation are just a few of the technologies we can employ to print numerous dental goods. The materials can be used to print individual imprint trays, orthodontic models, gingiva masks, and a variety of prosthetics. Diagnostics, maxillofacial growth evaluation, facial asymmetry, and the fabrication of aligners for children with malalignment are all made possible with 3D printed products in paediatric dentistry.

Keywords: Additive Manufacturing; Bioprinting; Bone Augmentation Regeneration; Scaffolds


  1. Dawood A., et al. “3D printing in dentistry”. British Dental Journal11 (2015): 521.
  2. Knowlton S., et al. “Bioprinting for cancer research”. Trends in Biotechnology 33 (2015): 504-513.
  3. Huang Y., et al. “3D bioprinting and the current applications in tissue engineering”. Biotechnology Journal12 (2017): 1600734.
  4. The History of 3D Printing: 3D Printing Technologies from the 80s to Today.
  5. Ventola CL. “Medical applications for 3D printing: current and projected uses”. Pharmacy and Therapeutics 10 (2014): 704.
  6. Ebert-Uphoff I., et al. “Rapid Prototyping for Robotics. In M. Kordic, V., Lazinica, A., Merdan, ed. Cutting Edge Robotics”. Mammendorf, Germany: Pro Literatur Verlag (2005): 17-46.
  7. Singh R and Chhabra M. “Three-dimensional printing”. Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering.
  8. Chia HN and Wu BM. “Recent advances in 3D printing of biomaterials”. Journal of Biological Engineering 9 (2015): 4.
  9. Ligon SC., et al. “Polymers for 3D printing and customized additive manufacturing”. Chemical Reviews 117 (2017): 10212-10290.
  10. Lin L., et al. “3D Printing and Digital Processing Techniques in Dentistry: A Review of Literature”. Advanced Engineering Materials6 (2019): 1801013.
  11. Van Noort R. “The future of dental devices is digital”. Dental Materials1 (2012): 3-12.
  12. Jain R., et al. “Recent Trends of 3-D Printing in Dentistry- A review”. Annals of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry4 (2016): 101-104.
  13. Azari A and Nikzad S. “The evolution of rapid prototyping in dentistry: a review”. Rapid Prototyping Journal3 (2009): 216-225.
  14. Oberoi G., et al. “3D Printing-Encompassing the Facets of Dentistry”. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 6 (2018): 172.
  15. Marsh JL and Vannier MW. “Surface imaging from computerized tomographic scans”. Surgery 94 (1983): 159-165.
  16. Erickson DM., et al. “An opinion survey of reported benefits from the use of stereolithographic models”. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 57 (1999): 1040-1043.
  17. Klein HM., et al. “[Stereolithographic model construction based on 3- dimensional reconstructed CT sectional image sequences]”. Rights of First Offer 156 (1992): 429-432.
  18. Nayar S., et al. “Rapid prototyping and stereolithography in dentistry”. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences1 (2015): S216.
  19. Knippenberg M., et al. “Osteogenesis versus chondrogenesis by BMP-2 and BMP-7 in adipose stem cells”. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 342 (2006): 902-908.
  20. Miller ED., et al. “Inkjet printing of growth factor concentration gradients and combinatorial arrays immobilized on biologically-relevant substrates”. Combinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening 12 (2009): 604-618.
  21. Sun X., et al. “Three-dimensional bioprinting of multicell-laden scaffolds containing bone morphogenic protein-4 for promoting M2 macrophage polarization and accelerating bone defect repair in diabetes mellitus”. Bioactive Materials3 (2021): 757-769.
  22. Li B., et al. “A new approach of splint-less orthognathic surgery using a personalized orthognathic surgical guide system: a preliminary study”. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 46 (2017): 1298-1305.
  23. Philippe B. “Custom-made prefabricated titanium miniplates in Le Fort I osteotomies: principles, procedure and clinical insights”. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 42 (2013): 1001-1006.
  24. Vandekar M., et al. “Rapid Prototyping as an adjunct for auto transplantation of impacted teeth in the esthetic zone”. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 49 (2015): 711-715.
  25. Xia J., et al. “Direct resin composite restoration of maxillary central incisors using a 3D-printed template: two clinical cases”. BMC Oral Health 18 (2018): 158.
  26. Sinha P., et al. “A 3-dimensional-printed short-segment template prototype for mandibular fracture repair”. JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery 20 (2018): 373-380.
  27. Uçar Y., et al. “Layered manufacturing of dental ceramics: fracture mechanics, microstructure, and elemental composition of lithography-sintered ceramic”. The Journal of Prosthodontics (2018).
  28. Liu B., et al. “3D-bioprinted functional and biomimetic hydrogel scaffolds incorporated with nanosilicates to promote bone healing in rat calvarial defect model”. Materials Science and Engineering: C 112 (2020): 110905.
  29. Yuzbasioglu E., et al. “Comparison of digital and conventional impression techniques: evaluation of patients’ perception, treatment comfort, effectiveness and clinical outcomes”. BMC Oral Health 14 (2014): 10.
  30. Kim JE., et al. “Fabrication of a complete, removable dental prosthesis from a digital intraoral impression for a patient with an excessively tight reconstructed lip after oral cancer treatment: a clinical report”. The Journal of Prosthodontics 117 (2017): 205-208.
  31. Unkovskiy A., et al. “Direct 3D printing of silicone facial prostheses: a preliminary experience in digital workflow”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 120 (2018): 303-308.
  32. Revilla León M., et al. “3D metal printing - additive manufacturing technologies for frameworks of implantborne fixed dental prosthesis”. European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry 25 (2017): 143-147.
  33. Alharbi N., et al. “Three-dimensional evaluation of marginal and internal fit of 3Dprinted interim restorations fabricated on different finish line designs”. Journal of Prosthodontic Research 62 (2017): 218-226.
  34. Jheon AH., et al. “Moving towards precision orthodontics: an evolving paradigm shift in the planning and delivery of customized orthodontic therapy”. Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research 1 (2017): 106- 113.
  35. Martorelli M., et al. “A comparison between customized clear and removable orthodontic appliances manufactured using RP and CNC techniques”. Dental Materials 29 (2013): e1-10.
  36. Reynolds M., et al. “3-d volumetric evaluation of human mandibular growth”. The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal 5 (2011): 83-89.
  37. Salmi M., et al. “A digital process for additive manufacturing of occlusal splints: a clinical pilot study”. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 10 (2013): 20130203.
  38. Al Mortadi N., et al. “CAD/CAM/AM applications in the manufacture of dental appliances”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 142 (2012): 727-733.
  39. Liu Y., et al. “Protein and mRNA expressions of IL-6 and its key signaling factors under orthodontic forces in mice: an in-vivo study”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 152 (2017): 654- 662.
  40. Wicher J., et al. “3D Computer treatment planning in endodontics”. Journal of Dental 45 (2016): 67-72.
  41. Byun C., et al. “Endodontic treatment of an anomalous anterior tooth with the aid of a 3- dimensional printed physical tooth model”. Journal of Endodontics 41 (2015): 961-965.
  42. Murray PE., et al. “Regenerative endodontics: a review of current status and a call for action”. Journal of Endodontics 33 (2007): 377-390.
  43. Xu HH., et al. “Calcium phosphate cements for bone engineering and their biological properties”. Bone Research 5 (2017): 17056.
  44. Li Z., et al. “[Diagnossis and treatment of complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects by combination of whole-process digital esthetic rehabilitation with periodontic surgery]”. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao 49 (2017): 71-75.
  45. Larsson L., et al. “Regenerative medicine for periodontal and periimplant diseases”. Journal of Dental Research 95 (2016): 255-266.
  46. Carter SSD., et al. “Additive biomanufacturing: an advanced approach for periodontal tissue regeneration”. Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering 45 (2017): 12-22.
  47. Li J., et al. “Evaluation of 3D- printed polycaprolactone scaffolds coated with freeze-dried platelet-rich plasma for bone regeneration”. Materials 10 (2017): E831.
  48. De Giglio E., et al. “Multi-compartment scaffold fabricated via 3D-printing as in vitro co-culture osteogenic model”. Scientific Report 8 (2018): 15130.
  49. Werz SM., et al. “3D printed surgical simulation models as educational tool by maxillofacial surgeons”. European Journal of Dental Education 22 (2018): e500-e505.
  50. Heym R., et al. “A new model for training in periodontal examinations using manikins”. Journal of Dental Education 80 (2016): 1422-1429.
  51. Lambrecht JT and Brix F. “Individual skull model fabrication for craniofacial surgery”. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal 27 (1990): 382-385.
  52. Kröger E., et al. “3D printed simulation models based on real patient situations for hands-on practice”. European Journal of Dental Education 21 (2017): e119-e125.
  53. Konvalinkova M., et al. “Using 3D digital models to establish alveolar morphotype”. Folia Morphologica 77 (2018): 536- 542.
  54. Shah P and Chong BS. “3D imaging, 3D printing and 3D virtual planning in endodontics”. Clinical Oral Investigations 22 (2018): 641-654.


Citation: Rajib Sikdar., et al. “3D Printing: Its Application in Pediatric Dental Practice”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.2 (2022): 103-111.


Copyright: © 2022 Rajib Sikdar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US