How Accurate are Patient Histories? Hepatitis B Knowledge and Prevalence among Dental Patients
Mohamed Yasser Kharma1,4*, Baydaa Koussa2, Madeha Sadki2, Mohamad Almech3, Sulaiman Alamari3, Jumana Yaseen3, Hala Alras3 and Ahmed Aldwaik3
1Professor in Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Aleppo University, Faculty of Dentistry, Syria
2Professor in Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Vision Colleges, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Msc in Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Vision Colleges, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4Intern in Vision Colleges, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Mohamed Yaser Kharma, Professor in Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Aleppo University, Faculty of Dentistry, Syria and Professor in Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Vision Colleges, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: July 19, 2021; Published: : August 19, 2021
Background: The importance of adequate medical history taking in dentistry is essential and interferes with the patient's dental treatment. But the validity of such data is often questioned. Trust is the key element among doctor-patient helps to establish solid medical history, achieve better health outcomes and better perceived quality of healthcare services.
Aim: The aim of current study was to evaluate the accuracy of past medical history in dental patients and correlate the acquired information with clinical medical tests. We undertook a preliminary investigation of the validity of patient histories obtained regarding the most important diseases noticed in dental clinic (hepatitis B-Diabetes).
Materials and Methods: A self-administrated questionnaires were distributed randomly to 200 dental patients who treated in Vision dental college /Jeddah for dental problems to evaluate their knowledge, awareness and prevention methods about hepatitis, with hepatitis B and Diabetes tests to all participants. Data analyzed as statistical descriptive study.
Result: In this study, we can conclude that dental patients have a fairly unsatisfied level of knowledge and awareness regarding HBV infection. The collected data were reasonably accurate, about 2% of participants were testing positive with hepatitis, and about 5% of participants were testing diabetes which not associate with the collected data.
Conclusion: There is some degree of reliance in the past medical histories collected by the patients therefor accurate diagnosis and maximum of infection control must be applied in all patients to achieve high standard protection for the patients and the health care professional.
Keywords: Accuracy; Trust; Doctor-Patient Relationship; Hepatitis B; Diabetes
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