Does Maxillary Sinus have any Influence on the Skeletal Class or Facial Type?
Hiba Gmati1*, Mariem Nasfi1, Mounira Rtibi1, Ines Methioub1, Anissa El Yemni Zinelabidine2 and Abdellatif Boughzela2
1Resident in Orthodontics, Department of Dentistry, Farhat Hached Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia
2Professor in Orthodontics, Department of Dentistry, Farhat Hached Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia
*Corresponding Author: Hiba Gmati, Resident in Orthodontics, Department of Dentistry, Farhat Hached Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.
Received: June 24, 2021; Published: July 19, 2021
Introduction: Maxillary sinuses are very important cavities of the face. Their relationship with some teeth allows to suggest that maxillary sinus development may affect skeletal malocclusions and vertical facial types.
Aim: To determine the relationship between maxillary sinus size, vertical facial types, and different skeletal classes for both genders in a Tunisian population.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study on 60 lateral cephalograms of Tunisian males and females aged between 12 and 29 years was performed. They were classified into three groups based on ANB, FMA, and GOGN-SN angles.
Five measurements were used to assess the maxillary sinus size: two linear and three areas. They were calculated manually in all the radiographs. ANOVA test was used to determine the relationship between the different measurements.
Results: All measurements were found to be greater in males than in females. No significant association was observed for both skeletal classes and facial types.
Conclusion: No relation was observed between maxillary sinus size, skeletal classes and facial types.
Keywords: Lateral Cephalograms; Maxillary Sinus; Skeletal Classes; Vertical Facial Types
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