Determination of Heavy Metals Recovered from Artificially Ripe Banana with Calcium Carbide
Department of Biotechnology, University of Poly Ibadan, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ismail Junaid, Department of Biotechnology, University of Poly Ibadan, Nigeria.
January 19, 2023; Published: January 27, 2023
Calcium carbide is frequently used by vendors to hasten the ripening of banana fruits, and this practice has a long history. Calcium carbide is connected to the negative consequences of heavy metals. Measurements of heavy metal concentrations on artificially ripe bananas manufactured using calcium carbide in Katsina state and throughout Nigeria are essential to assist the authorities in regulating the use of chemical ripening agents for food safety and consumption. The purpose of the study is to assess the levels of heavy metals in banana fruits that have been artificially ripe. A sample was collected from Mairuwa Fadama of Katsina state's Funtua local government Area. The Banana pulp and peel were analyzed for heavy metal (arsenic, calcium, lead and cadmium) content using standard methods. The results were statistically analyzed in order to compare the mean value of the heavy metals in the banana peel and pulp. A p-value of 0.05 or lower was considered significant. Results showed that heavy metal concentrations in banana peel are higher than in banana pulp. The findings give important details about the heavy metal content of the banana peel and pulp eaten in Katsina State. Additionally, the findings showed that banana peels contain considerable levels of heavy metals than the pulp.
Keywords: Banana; Calcium Carbide; Ripening
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