Ayuba SO1, Danladi GS1, Ombuagdu A1*, Pam VA1, Njila HL2, Nkup CD3, Luka I4 and Mamot LP4
1Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Lafia,
Nasarawa State, Nigeria
2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
3Department of Biology, College of Arts, Science and Technology, Kurgwi, Qua’an Pan LGA, Plateau State, Nigeria
4Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ombuagdu A, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
Received: February 29, 2020; Published: April 23, 2020
Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent tropical disease which is posing a great threat to public health and socio-economic development. Thus, this study evaluated the prevalence and associated risk factors of urinary schistosomiasis among primary school pupils in Agyaragu Community, Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. One hundred and twenty consenting pupils from 2 primary schools between ages 4 and 14 were screened for the study from September to October 2019. Urine samples of each pupil was collected and examined for Schistosoma haematobium which is responsible for urogenital schistosomiasis. The urine samples were examined both macroscopically and microscopically using standard sedimentation methods. A well-structured questionnaire was administered to 120 pupils to obtain socio-demographic status and risk factors. The overall prevalence for urinary schistosomiasis in the study area was 5.8%. Angwan Alhaji Yakubu Pilot Science Primary School pupils had higher infection rate 8.3% than pupils in Musa Lawal Islamiya Primary School 3.3%. However, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the prevalence rate of urinary schistosomiasis in pupils in relation to the two selected primary schools and as well as sex but showed significant variation (P < 0.05) between age groups. Also, the prevalence rate of the infection in relation to water sources utilized by the primary school pupils varied significantly (P < 0.05). Furthermore, there was a significant difference (P < 0.05) in the prevalence rate of urinary schistosomiasis in relation to pupils who swim to those who don’t swim. Contrarily, the prevalence rate of disease in relation to the types of toilet facilities used by the pupils showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). The pooled geometric mean intensity among pupils from the two selected schools was 1.21901. Microhematuria rate among infected pupils was 71.43% in which age group 8-11 had the highest microhematuria rate 42.86%. Males had higher microhematuria rate 42.86% than females 28.57%. In conclusion, there is need to for both the pupils and inhabitants of the area to be sensitized on personal hygiene, prevention and treatment on urinary schistosomiasis.
Keywords: Urinary Schistosomiasis; Associated Risk Factors; Primary School Pupils; Geometric Mean Intensity; Microhematuria Rate
Citation: Ombuagdu A., et al. “Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Urinary Schistosomiasis among Primary School Pupils of Agyaragu Community, Lafia LGA, Nasarawa State, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Biotechnology 1.5 (2020): 08-12.
Copyright: © 2020 Ombuagdu A., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.