Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Review Article Volume 8 Issue 4

Overview of Natural Faming-A New Environmentally Responsible Production System

Amit A Shahane*

Assistant Professor (Agronomy), College of Agriculture (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya, India

*Corresponding Author: Amit A Shahane, Assistant Professor (Agronomy), College of Agriculture (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya, India.

Received: February 01, 2024; Published: March 13, 2024

Abstract

The new production system viz., natural farming (NF) parallel to organic farming getting ground rapidly in India due to significant development at policy fronts and need to reduce the over-dependence on purchased inputs which are mostly highly subsidized. The natural farming earlier treated as a type of organic farming defined by NITI Ayog as chemical-free traditional farming method and considered as an agroecology based diversified farming system which integrates crops, trees and livestock with functional biodiversity. The objectives of natural farming can be defined by keywords viz., efficient utilization of natural resources, preservation of plant, animal and microbial diversity, restoring soil health and improve economic gain to farmer. The principles of natural farming are based on agroecology, encourage ecological diversity, enhance mutual aid and increase people’s control over their lives. The major components involved in natural farming are Beejamrut, Jeevamrut, mulching, whapasa condition and plant protection using different biological inputs (Agniastra, Bramhastra and Neemastra). The major policy intervention at present taking place is promotion of natural farming; while unfolding the different aspects of natural farming is the key area at different forums (academic, research, extension, promotion and policy intervention) all over the India. In nutshell, the natural farming promotion is one of the most important steps towards environmental responsive agricultural development which has multiple positive effects on natural resources, reduction in dependence on purchased inputs, bringing self-dependency and self-reliance in farming communities. Hence its incorporation agriculture with identification of suitable niche is important step for sustainable agro-ecosystem.

Keywords: Organic Farming; Natural Farming; Principles; Objectives; Components

References

  1. Kassam A., et al. “Successful experiences and lessons from conservation agriculture worldwide”. Agronomy4 (2022): 769.
  2. Agricultural Statistics at a glance. “Economics and Statistics Division, Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India (2022).
  3. Ramappa KB., et al. “A benchmark study on economic impact of Neem Coated Urea on Indian agriculture”. Scientific Reports1 (2022): 9082.
  4. Sharma RP., et al. “Spatial variability assessment of soil fertility in black soils of central India using geostatistical modeling”. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science7 (2021): 876-888.
  5. Hengl T., et al. (2021) “African soil properties and nutrients mapped at 30 m spatial resolution using two-scale ensemble machine learning”. Scientific Reports1 (2021): 6130.
  6. Hegde DM., et al. “Enhancing nutrient-use efficiency in crop production-A review”. Indian Journal of Agronomy 52.4 (2007): 261-274.
  7. Wezel A., et al. “Agroecology as a science, a movement and a practice. A review”. Agronomy for Sustainable Development4 (2009): 503-515.
  8. “Defining Agroecology”. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 42.6 (2018): 599-600.
  9. Korn L. “One straw revolutionary”. The Philosophy and work of Masanobu Fukuoka. Chelsea Green Publishing, UK (2015): 240.
  10. Kumar R., et al. “Adoption of Natural Farming and its effect on crop yield and farmers' livelihood in India”. ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management, Hyderabad, India. 131+xv (2020).
  11. Patel VK., et al. “Basic principles of practices of zero budget natural farming”. In: Modern concepts in Agricultural Sciences Vol-2 (Singh NA and Sorokhaibam S Eds.), Intigrated Publication, New Delhi, India (2023).
  12. Luttikholt LW. “Principles of organic agriculture as formulated by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements”. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences4 (2007): 347-360.
  13. Sreenivasa MN., et al. “Beejamrutha: A source for beneficial bacteria”. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science5 (2009): 1038-1040.
  14. Bhattacharjee U and Uppaluri RVS. “Production and optimization of Jeevamrutha bio-fertilizer formulations for soil fertility and its role in waste minimization”. Sustainable Chemistry for Climate Action 2 (2023): 100025.
  15. Sujana S., et al. “Effect of FYM and organic solutions on yield and Quality of chilli (Capsicum annum)”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8.5 (2019): 251-254.
  16. Surve US., et al. “Assessment of growth, yield and economics of kharif soybean through soil and foliar application of organic formulations”. Journal of Agriculture Research and Technology3 (2020): 196-203.
  17. Safiullah K., et al. “Influence of different rate of solid manure and types of liquid organics on yield, nutrient content and uptake of sweet corn under south Gujarat condition”. International Journal of Chemical Studies2 (2018): 3304-3310.
  18. Debashri M and Tamal M. “A Review on efficacy of Azadirachta indica Juss based biopesticides: An Indian perspective”. Research Journal of Recent Sciences 2277 (2012): 2502.
  19. Chaudhary, S., et al. “Progress on Azadirachta indica based biopesticides in replacing synthetic toxic pesticides”. Frontiers in Plant Science 8 (2017): 610.
  20. Agbo BE., et al. “Bio-pesticidal properties of Neem (Azadirachta indica)”. Advances and Trends in the Agricultural Sciences 1 (2019): 17-26.
  21. Chandrashekharaiah M., et al. “Efficacy of plant and aboriginal preparations against diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)”. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies4 (2015): 18-23.
  22. Joshi MJ., et al. “Potency of indigenous natural products against Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)”. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science2 (2023): 581-589.
  23. Suneel KGV and Sarada O. “Evaluation of cow based fermented organic products for non-insecticidal pest management in castor”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences10 (2020): 292-300.
  24. Laishram C., et al. “Impact of Natural Farming Cropping System on Rural Households-Evidence from Solan District of Himachal Pradesh, India”. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 6 (2022): 878015.

Citation

Citation: Amit A Shahane. “Overview of Natural Faming-A New Environmentally Responsible Production System". Acta Scientific Agriculture 8.4 (2024): 25-30.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Amit A Shahane. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US





//