Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 3

Factors Affecting the Prevalence of Diseases in Cross-bred Dairy Cattle in an Organized Farm

Venus Das1, Jakir Hussain1*, Jitendra Saharia1, Ranajit Roychoudhury1, Arundhati Phookan2, Masuk Raquib3, Adib Haque1, Dulal Chandra Mili4 and Kanak Chandra Barman5

1Department of LPM, CVSc, AAU, Khanapara,Guwahati, India
2Department of AGB, CVSc, AAU, Khanapara,Guwahati, India
3Department of LPT, CVSc, AAU, Khanapara,Guwahati, India
4Department of LFC, CVSc, AAU, Khanapara,Guwahati, India
5Department of ANN, CVSc, AAU, Khanapara,Guwahati, India

*Corresponding Author: Jakir Hussain, Associate Professor, Department of LPT, CVSc, AAU, Khanapara, Guwahati, India.

Received: August 23, 2023; Published: February 14, 2024


In the organized dairy farm, incidence of respiratory diseases, reproductive diseases, GIT infection, non specific fever, abscess, lameness and wounds, parasitic infestation, metabolic disease and mastitis was 10.22, 11.26, 11.95, 12.99, 4.5, 17.5, 13.69, 7.62 and 10.22 per cent, respectively. The chi-square revealed highly significant (P < 0.01) differences amongst the frequency of diseases in cross-bred dairy cattle. There was significantly higher (P < 0.01) prevalence of diseases (60.49%) in Holstein-Friesian cross-bred cows out of total diseases in both the genetic groups. The incidence of diseases was found to be highest in S2 season (35%), followed by S3 (23%), S4 (21%) and S1 (20%) season out of total cases of diseases. It can be concluded that Holstein-Friesian cross-bred cows was prone to diseases and during monsoon season it was highest.

Keywords: Diseases; Prevalence; Dairy Cows; Cross-Bred


  1. “20th Livestock Census (2019).
  2. “Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics” (2023).
  3. Hussain J., et al. “Foot and leg problems and its association with flooring”. Intas Polivet 1 (2015): 70-71.
  4. Singh S., et al. “Incidence of reproductive disorders in relation to lameness in cows and buffaloes”. The Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 19 (1998): 18-20.
  5. Cramer G and Solano L. “Overview of Lameness in Cattle, MSD Manual (Veterinary)”. Merck and Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ, USA and its affiliates (2023).
  6. Shearer JK and Amstel SRV. “Effect of floor and flooring surfaces on lameness disorders in dairy cattle” (2012).
  7. Shija D., et al. “Assessing Animal Disease Prevalence and Mortality in Smallholder Dairy Farms under Contrasting Management Practices and Stressful Environments in Tanzania”. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine11 (2022): 117-134.
  8. Esslemont MA and Kossaibati RJ. “The incidence of lameness in a group of dairy herds in England”. Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science, Published online by Cambridge University Press (2017).
  9. Chiwome B., et al. “A study of the incidence of milk fever in Jersey and Holstein cows at a dairy farm in Beatrice, Zimbabwe”. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 0 (2017): 1457.
  10. Hassan I., et al. “Prevalence of Calf Diseases in Different Dairy Farms of Bangladesh”. Veterinary Medical Record 1-2 (2017): 19-26.
  11. Sumi RJ., et al. “Heat stress effects on fertility and reproductive health problems of dairy cows in a selected area of Bangladesh”. Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology4 (2022): 266-275.
  12. Hwang JC., et al. “Immobilization stress increased cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) expression in the ovary of rat”. Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology 36 (2021):9-16.
  13. Kang D and Kim D. “Antioxidant effect of Lonicera Caerulea on heat stress-treated male mice”. Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology 36 (2021): 220-229.


Citation: Jakir Hussain., et al. “Factors Affecting the Prevalence of Diseases in Cross-bred Dairy Cattle in an Organized Farm". Acta Scientific Agriculture 8.3 (2024): 25-28.


Copyright: © 2024 Venus Das., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US