Styrax: A Review on its Past and Traditional Uses
Mohammad Faizan1*, Shadma Afzal2, S. Maqbool Ahmed1, Ahmad Faraz3, Chen Chen4, Fangyuan Yu5 and Shamsul Hayat6
1Botany Section, School of Sciences, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Prayagraj, India
3School of Life Sciences, Glocal University, Saharanpur, India
4School of Landscape and Horticulture, Yangzhou Polytechnic College, Yangzhou, Jiangsu-225009, China
5Collaborative Innovation Centre of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College
of Forest Science , Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China
6Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Faizan, Botany Section, School of Sciences, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad, India.
August 25, 2022; Published: September 26, 2022
Tropical or subtropical environments are home to the Styracaceae family. An important medicinal plant called Styrax officinalis L. establish in the Mediterranean Basin, the subtropics, the desert, and temperate climates. It has been utilized for agricultural, cosmetic, medicinal, and religious purposes. There are over 130 different species of Styrax, and when they are burned, they produce aromatic resin. The goal of this review was to compile from the literature all information that was available regarding the phytochemistry, traditional medicinal values, scientifically supported uses, morphology, and habitat of the S. officinalis plant. This paper is a review of the literature on the chemical components, description, origin, traditional therapeutic usage, and scientifically supported uses of S. officinalis. The current work revealed that many substances, including egonol, egonol oleate, americanin, different phenolic acids, and benzofuran derivatives, have been identified from S. officinalis leaves, fruits, fruit peels, seeds, flowers, and stems. In addition to the numerous portions employed as extracts, these likely chemicals and its artificial imitative also shown beneficial biological effects, such as anticancer, hemolytic, anti-complement, anti-leukemic, antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant, and tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Traditional uses of the styrax plant include the treatment of wounds, muscle discomfort, neurological problems, anxiety, and arthritis.
Keywords: Styrax officinalis, Antibacterial, Phenolic acids, Arthritis
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