Bioprospecting Bottle Gourd Plant Species (Lagenaria Siceraria.) As A Cultural Musical Instrument ’Zumbara’ Making Material in Berta Community of Assosa Zone, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State
Assosa Biodiversity Center, Crop and Horticulture Case Team, Agronomist, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Melak Agajie, Assosa Biodiversity Center, Crop and Horticulture Case Team, Agronomist, Ethiopia.
December 24, 2021; Published: February 23, 2022
Ethiopia is rich country in floral and faunal biodiversity resources. Due to this fact the country is among the Vavilovian centers of origin and diversity for different cultivable plant species including bottle gourd. Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) is a white flowered running or climbing vine which is categorized under the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae). It has diversified uses in dish preparation, as an ingredient in medicine and raw material for making of decoration and utensils and cultural musical instrument. Its Jiuce is utilized as medicine to treat different diseases like flatulence, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver diseases, and as a diuretic. The fruit edible part is light source of ascorbic acid, beta carotene and good source of vitamin B complex, pectin dietary soluble fibers and contains highest source of choline level-a lipotropic factor, a healer of mental disorders, along with required metabolic and metabolite precursors for brain function, amongst any other vegetable crops.
Keywords: Calabash; Bottle Gourd; Bioprospecting; Ethnic Tribes; Zumbara
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