Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 12

Response of Mungbean to Foliar Application of Nitrogen and Micronutrients During Reproductive Stages

Utpal Kumar Das1 and M Monjurul Alam Mondal2*

1 Department of Agriculture Studies, Manda Technical and Agriculture College, Gotgari, Bangladesh
2Crop Physiology Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: M Monjurul Alam Mondal, Crop Physiology Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Bangladesh.

Received: May 08, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021


An experiment was conducted at the pot yard of Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymensingh during the period from February to May 2017 to investigate the effect of foliar application of nitrogen and micronutrients on crop characters, yield attributes and yield of two mungbean genotypes. The experiment comprised four levels of nutrients foliar application like, i) T1 = Control; ii) T2 = Foliar application of urea at the rate of 1.5% four times from flowering start to pod development stage with an interval of 4 days; iii) T3 = T2 + 0.1% micronutrients (B, Mo, Zn, Mn, Ca, Fe, Cu) four times from flowering start to pod development stage with an interval of 4 days and iv) T4 = T3 + side dressing (soil application) of 1.5% N and 0.1% micronutrients solution four times from flowering start to pod development stage with an interval of 4 days. The genotypes were Binamoog-6 and Binamoog-7. Results revealed that morphological (plant height, branch and leaf number, leaf area plant-1), physiological (total dry mass plant-1, specific leaf weight, chlorophyll), yield attributes (number of pods plant-1, pod length, single pod weight, number of seeds pod-1 and 100-seed weight) and yield increased in foliar nutrients applied plants over control but the increment was greater in T2 and T3 than the T4 treatment. The highest plant height, branch and leaf number, leaf area, total dry mass, pod number, pod length, 100-seed weight and seed yield were recorded in T2 followed by T3 with same statistical rank (in most cases). The lowest morpho-physiological, yield attributes and yield were recorded in T1 (control) plants. Binamoog-7 was superior in most of plant parameters and yield compared to Binamoog-6.

Keywords: Foliar Fertilization; N; Micronutrients; Yield; Mungbean


  1. Afzal MA., et al. “Mungbean cultivation in Bangladesh”. Published by Pulse Research Station, BARI, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh (1998): 25.
  2. Mondal MMA. “ Source-sink relationship in mungbean”. LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Humburk, Germany (2012): 56.
  3. “Annual Report of 2017-2018”. Bangladesh Institute of nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Mymensingh, Bangladesh (2018): 46.
  4. Mondal MMA., et al. “Physiology of seed yield in mungbean: growth and dry matter production”. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 40 (2011): 133-138.
  5. Mondal MMA., et al. “Flowering pattern and reproductive efficiency in lentil”. Legume Research 36 (2013): 153-157.
  6. Oliveira SM., et al. “Grain yield, efficiency and the allocation of foliar N applied to soybean canopies”. Scientia Agricola 76 (2019): 305-310.
  7. Boote KJ., et al. “Effect of foliar fertilization on photosynthesis, leaf nutrition and yield of soybeans”. Agronomy Journal 70 (1988): 787-791.
  8. Mitra R., et al. “Nitrogen: the major limiting factor for mungbean yield”. Proc. 2nd Intl. Mungbean Symposium, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, Taipei, Taiwan (1989): 244-251.
  9. Hamayun M., et al. “Effect of foliar and soil application of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on yield components of lentil”. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43 (2011): 391-396.
  10. El-Azab ME. “Effects of Foliar NPK Spraying with Micronutrients on Yield and Quality of Cowpea Plants”. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences 4 (2016): 526-533.
  11. Bahadari S., et al. “Effect of foliar application of nitrogen and varieties on productivity and profitability of mungbean in Afghanistan”. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 90 (2020): 524-527.
  12. Haider MU., et al. “Foliage applied zinc ensures better growth, yield and grain biofortification of mungbean”. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 20 (2018): 2817-2822.
  13. Hanwate GR., et al. “Effect of Foliar Application of Micronutrients on Nutrient Uptake by Soybean Crop”. International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience 6 (2018): 261-265.
  14. Cassim BMAR., et al. “Effects of foliar application of urea and urea-formaldehyde/triazone on soybean and corn crops”. Agronomy 10 (2020): 1-12.
  15. Soni J and Kushwaha HS. “Effect of foliar spray of zinc and iron on productivity of mungbean”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 9 (2020): 108-111.
  16. Suhathiya K and Ravichandran M. “Effect of foliar application of DAP and micronutrients on crop growth attributes and yield of rice fallow blackgram”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences 5 (2018): 72-76.
  17. Nishioka H and Okumura T. “Influence of sowing time and nitrogen top dressing at the flowering stage on yield and pod characters of green soybean”. Plant Production Science 11 (2008): 507-513.
  18. Watanabe I., et al. “Supplemental nitrogen fertilizer to soybean. I. Effect of side dressing at early ripening stage on yield, yield components and protein content of seeds”. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 52 (1983): 291-298.
  19. Haq MU and Mallarino AP. “Soybean yield and nutrient composition as affected by early season foliar fertilization”. Agronomy Journal 92 (200): 16-24.
  20. Heidarian AR., et al. “Investigating Fe and Zn foliar application on yield and its components of soybean at different growth stages”. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development 3 (2011): 189-197.
  21. Gheshlaghi MZ., et al. “The effect of micronutrient foliar application on yield, seed quality and some biochemical traits of soybean cultivars under drought stress”. Journal of Plant Nutrition 42 (2019): 2715-2730.
  22. Yoshida S., et al. “Laboratory manual for physiological studies of rice”. 3rd ed., IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines (1976).


Citation: Utpal Kumar Das and M Monjurul Alam Mondal. “Response of Mungbean to Foliar Application of Nitrogen and Micronutrients During Reproductive Stages". Acta Scientific Agriculture 5.12 (2021): 41-46.


Copyright: © 2021 Utpal Kumar Das and M Monjurul Alam Mondal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US