Factors Influencing the Acceptance of HPV Vaccination Among Caregivers for their Daughters, Attending Reproductive and Child Health Clinic at Fajikunda Major Health Center
Majula Balajo1, Mariama Keita2, Baboucarr Cham2* and Fatoumatta Bah3
1Registered Nurse, Gambia College School of Nursing and Midwifery, Banjul, The Gambia
2Senior Lecturer, Gambia College School of Nursing and Midwifery, Banjul, The Gambia
3Head of School, Gambia College School of Nursing and Midwifery, Banjul, The Gambia
*Corresponding Author: Baboucarr Cham, Senior Lecturer, Gambia College School of Nursing and Midwifery, Banjul, The Gambia.
September 19, 2022; Published: March 09, 2023
Introduction: Cervical cancer is a threat to women’s live and the fourth most common cancer among women. It is estimated that over a million women currently have cervical cancer and up to 70% of the cases are caused by Human Papilloma Virus. The purpose of this study was determine the factors influencing the acceptance of HPV Vaccination among caregivers attending Reproductive and Child Health Clinic at Fajikunda Major Health Center.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study design was used to determine the factors influencing the acceptance of HPV vaccine among caregivers attending reproductive and child health clinic at Fajikunda Major Health Center. Simple random sampling method was employed to select participants for the study. Ninety eight (98) participants WERE recruited for this study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data was analyzed with SPSS version 20.0, using descriptive and the result was presented in frequency/ percentages and tables. Chi-square test WAS employed to determine the association between the variables at 5% level of significant
Results: A total of 98 study participants were included in the study. The response rate was 100%. Approximately 77% of the participants accepted to vaccinate their daughters for HPV vaccination. The acceptance to vaccinate daughters for HPV vaccination was affected by being unemployed (74%), having heard about cervical cancer (54%), and positive perception towards HPV vaccination (66%).
Conclusion: The study revealed that the acceptance to human papillomavirus vaccination is high and was significantly associated with being unemployed, good knowledge about cervical cancer, and positive perception towards HPV vaccination. Therefore, community education on cervical cancer and its prevention is crucial to increase awareness and acceptance as well.
Keywords: Human papillomavirus (HPV); CDC; Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)
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