Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Breast Cancer Prevention: Assessment of the Knowledge and Practical Measures Employed by Young Female Adults in its Prevention

Suning Teto Francine Laure and Bodzewan Emmanuel Fonyuy*

Registered Nurses-Bamenda, North West Cameroon

*Corresponding Author: Bodzewan Emmanuel Fonyuy, Registered Nurses-Bamenda, North West Cameroon.

Received: November 26, 2019; Published: December 10, 2019

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Abstract

  Cancer constitutes an enormous burden on society in more and less economically developed countries alike. Breast cancer arises when abnormal cellular growth occurs in certain structures and types of cells within the breast. The occurrence of cancer is increasing because of the growth and aging of the population as well as an increasing prevalence of established risk factors such as alcohol consumption, smoking, overweight, physical inactivity, reproductive and hormonal factors such as long menstrual history, recent use of oral contraceptives, and never having children.

   The main objective was to assess the knowledge and practical measures employed by young female adolescents in the prevention of Breast Cancer in the College for Registered Nurses Bamenda.

   A sample size of 76 young female adolescents aged 19-35 years from TSSRN Bamenda were recruited. A systematic random sampling method was used to collect primary data with the use of the structured questionnaire designed to obtain responses from the respondents.

   Results show that, out of 76 respondents, 89.5% admitted they can differentiate a normal breast from an abnormal breast; among them, 41.3% said that an abnormal breast looks like a palpablehard mass/lump/nodule, 30.8% said breast/nipple larger than normal, 13.5% said asymmetrical breast, This shows that the majority of respondents know how an abnormal breast looks like.

  As regards the signs and symptoms of Breast Cancer, 33.1% of the responses said inflammation of the breasts, 31.4% were thickening painless lump/nodules in the breasts on palpation, 15.7% were change in size, shape, and color of the breast, 14.0% were bloody discharges from the nipple.

   After close analyses of the data collected, it can be deduced from the results that, 97.4% was aware of Breast Cancer and among those who were aware, 60.6% got it from knowledge acquired from school; 90.8% of them practiced BSE at home but 9.2% did not know how to do it. Almost the majority of respondents have an idea on Breast Cancer definition, predisposing factors, signs and symptoms, preventive measures but just few were not knowledge on Breast Cancer. Even though they have deficit knowledge, they thought that awareness can reduce Breast Cancer incident rate. In addition, 73.1% knew how to examine their breast through BSE and how to prevent Breast Cancer against 1.9% who did not know how to practice BSE at home.

Keywords:reast Cancer; Knowledge; Prevention; Self-Breast Examination; Nodule; Mammography; Mastectomy

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Citation

Citation: Suning Teto Francine Laure and Bodzewan Emmanuel Fonyuy. “Breast Cancer Prevention: Assessment of the Knowledge and Practical Measures Employed by Young Female Adults in its Prevention”.Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.1 (2020): 15-23.



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