Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ISSN: 2582-1423)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 1

Principles and Goals of Public Health

Arju Chand Singh*

Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shree Birendra Hospital, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal

*Corresponding Author: Arju Chand Singh, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shree Birendra Hospital, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal.

Received: November 15, 2019; Published: December 05, 2019

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  Public health is one of the dynamic medical field which is pri-marily concerned with improving health of populations rather than individuals. Public Health in the early twentieth century is defined as the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of organization, public, private, communities, society and individuals. Today it is recognized as being integral to promoting and sustaining the health of the population, the efforts organized by society to protect, promote and restore the peoples health and its definition varies from country to country. It is an interdisciplinary field and the focus of public health intervention is to prevent and mitigate diseases, injuries and other health condi-tions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviours, communities and environments. It aims to improve the quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease in-cluding mental health.

  Access to health care and public health initiatives are difficult challenges in developing countries where public health infrastruc-tures are still forming. Public health plays an important role in disease prevention efforts through local health systems and non governmental organizations in both developing and developed countries. There are lack of trained health workers, monetary resources, insufficient knowledge to provide basic level of medi-cal care and disease prevention for which majority of disease and mortality results from and contributes to extreme poverty.

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References

  1. Institute of Medicine. The future of Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academics Press (1988).
  2. Winslow Charles-Edward Amory. “The untitled field of Public Health”. Modern Medicine 2 (1920): 183-191.
  3. Lincoln C Chen., et al. World Health Report, Working together for health. Geneva; WHO (2006).
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Citation

Citation: Arju Chand Singh. "Principles and Goals of Public Health".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.1 (2020): 34-35.



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