Ashis Kumar Samanta*
Principal Scientist, ICAR- National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Bengaluru
*Corresponding Author: Ashis Kumar Samanta, Principal Scientist, ICAR- National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Bengaluru.
Received: May 26, 2017; Published: June 14, 2017
Citation: Ashis Kumar Samanta. “Journey from Probiotic to Synbiotic - Way Forward”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 1.2 (2018).
The term probiotic originates from merging of two Greek words: “pro” means “for” and “biotic” means life and was first used by Lilley and Stillwell in 1965 to define the substances secreted by one microorganism which stimulates the growth of another. Initially, it was perceived as opposite to the action of antibiotic. In the year 1971, Sperti defines “probiotic” as a “tissue extract which stimulates microbial growth”. In due course of time, the concept of probiotic was relooked by Parker and in 1974; he defined probiotics as “organisms and substances which contribute to intestinal microbial balance”. In view of the growing knowledge and understanding on the subject, Fuller proposed a new definition of probiotic in the year 1989. Accordingly, it is “a live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance”.
Copyright: © 2018 Ashis Kumar Samanta. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.