Mandla Dominic Nyakale*
Senior Specialist, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, University of the Western Cape and University of Limpopo, South Africa
*Corresponding Author: Mandla Dominic Nyakale, Senior Specialist, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, University of the Western Cape and University of Limpopo, South Africa.
Received: December 09, 2020; Published: January 18, 2021
Background: Planning and provision of orthodontic services may require some baseline epidemiological data with regards to the distribution of malocclusion and its severity within a given population.
Aim: To analyze the distribution of malocclusion and its occlusal characteristics in Black patients referred to the Free State orthodontic clinic with regards to age, gender and Angle’s malocclusion.
Materials and Method: Study models of 391 orthodontic patients (235 female and 156 male) with the mean age of 15.4 years were analyzed to determine the distribution of malocclusion using Angle’s classification and other occlusal characteristics such as overjet, overbite, open bite, crossbite and the degree of incisor irregularity.
Result: The malocclusion status in a sample of the Free State patients seeking orthodontic treatment was recorded as 72.1% for Class I, 17.1% for Class II, and 10.8% for Class III subjects respectively. The occurrence of occlusal discrepancies was large overjet in 30.4%, deep overbite in 25.8%, anterior open bite in 9.2%, anterior crossbite in 61.4%, posterior crossbite in 27.4% and increased incisor irregularity in 75.7% of the total sample. 24.3% of the subjects required little or no treatment, 33.2% required moderate treatment, and 42.5% required great/severe treatment according to the modified DHC scores.
Conclusion: The need for orthodontic treatment in this sample is high and the prevalent occlusal characteristics are complex in nature. Treatment of these malocclusions will require qualified orthodontic specialists to carry out.
Keywords: Angle’s Classification; Free State; Dental Health Component; Overjet; Overbite; Crossbite; Crowding; Occlusal Traits
Citation: Mandla Dominic Nyakale. “Analysis of Malocclusion and its Characteristics in the Referred Free State Orthodontic Patients". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.2 (2021): 27-36.
Copyright: © 2021 Mandla Dominic Nyakale. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.